Venezuela

The infectiousness of international sanctions
Americas, Cuba, U.S, Venezuela

The infectiousness of international sanctions

International sanctions are an instrument of extreme foreign policy, generally adopted when diplomatic channels do not work as expected. Trade sanctions aim to isolate the country from international trade flows, leading to a stranglehold on its economy. Thereby, it is expected that the local population will feel the limitations and start to pressure their government to change the situation that led to international sanction. Logically it seems to be a good policy, but it is not. Even if the sanction is directed at a particular government, in practice its main impacts are on the population, people who have few, when any, condition to influence government behavior. Limiting access to international goods, as well as the impact ...
Plan Colombia Grows and its impact on Venezuela
Americas, Colombia, U.S, Venezuela

Plan Colombia Grows and its impact on Venezuela

Photo: Instagram / Iván Duque In August (2020) the launch of the Colombia Crece Plan was announced, result of military cooperation between the governments of Colombia and the United States and focused on combating drug trafficking. It can be said that it is a second phase of Plan Colombia, responsible for the injection of USD 7 billion in Colombia between 2000 e 2016. The agreement comes at a time when Colombia is experiencing alarming levels of violence. Have already been registered in the country, only in 2020, 46 massacres and over a thousand murdered social leaders. Until recently, the FARC dominated the interior of the country and, with peace agreements, it would be up to the Colombian State to "reoccupy" that space. However, the Colombian state is clearly weak in the interior, with a clear absence of public policies that ...
The beginning of the uncertain world
Americas, Brazil, China, U.S, India, Japan, Russia, Venezuela

The beginning of the uncertain world

Since the end of World War II, the world has been building a system with a multilateral profile. Starting with the Bretton Woods Institutions (International Monetary Fund - IMF; International Bank for Reconstruction and Development - BIRD; and International Trade Organization - OIC, soon replaced by the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade - GATT), what we saw was the creation of several international organizations and treaties capable of guiding the behavior of international actors in the most diverse areas. The peak of this movement occurred in the 1990, period in which there was a series of international conferences and treaties. Inaugurated by ECO-92, cases were treated like women, home, human rights. These conferences showed the world that cooperation could i ...
Venezuela: o próximo Iraque da América Latina?
Americas, Brazil, U.S, Venezuela

Venezuela: o próximo Iraque da América Latina?

Analisar a crise venezuelana nos dias de hoje é algo difícil pois acabamos em discussões político-ideológicas. Mais do que entender o que se passa no país, fatalmente as discussões giram em torno do apoio ou da crítica ao presidente (?) Nicolás Maduro. Mas a questão é mais profunda e uma resposta definitiva não vem fácil. É certo que a mídia brasileira, bem como o próprio governo do Brasil, claramente defendem a saída imediata de Maduro para que assuma, em seu lugar, o opositor Juan Guaidó. Aparentemente a questão seria simples: Maduro sai, Guaidó assume o poder, restabelece a ordem na Venezuela e tudo volta ao normal. However, quando olhamos outros exemplos próximos, vemos que é muito mais complicado do que isto. Pensemos no Iraque quando o presidente Bush resolveu invadir. THE ...