ISSN 2674-8053

Japan

Military exercises in the Sea of ​​Japan, two pesos, two measures
Americas, Asia, China, U.S, Europe, Japan, Russia

Military exercises in the Sea of ​​Japan, two pesos, two measures

Military Forms of China and Russia During the Opening Ceremony of the Sea of ​​Japan Military Exercises. Photo: Xinhua No dia 14 of October (2021), China and Russia conducted naval exercises in the Sea of ​​Japan. A ação faz parte de exercícios conjuntos que se estenderam pelos dias seguintes. Em que pese o exercício ter ocorrido em águas internacionais e ser algo recorrente desde 2012, é possível ver várias críticas por parte de políticos e da imprensa. Do lado nipo-estadunidense o que se vê é uma crítica em relação à ameaça que tais exercícios criam, já que é entendido como uma pressão militar e diplomática sobre o Japão, especialmente considerando a disputa pelo controle das ilhas Senkaku (nome japonês) ou Diaoyu (nome chinês). As ilhas são controladas pelo Japão desde a II Guerra ...
The saga of modern Japan: the Iwakura Mission
Asia, Japan

The saga of modern Japan: the Iwakura Mission

Iwakura Mission Route Any reflection on the emergence of Asia as (The) major axis of globalization at the beginning of this century and the role that the continent is playing on the geoeconomic / geopolitical level, have to recap, At my point of view, what happened to Japan in the late 19th century. It is worth remembering that the country has remained practically closed to the world for more than two hundred years, by imposition of the Tokugawa shoguns, who feared that the “insidious” Christianization of the population by Catholic missionaries - Portuguese Jesuits, mainly - to undermine the pillars and the soul of the nation. This poignant chapter of Japan's history, chamado Sakoku - Sakoku - "closed country"- is masterfully registered in the book “O Silêncio”, by Japanese writer Shusaku Endo, catholic himself, a...
What are the Ningyos?
Asia, Japan, Global Themes

What are the Ningyos?

Ningyo - Photo Fausto Godoy On the date that the “Girls' Day” is celebrated, in Japan, let's look at the figure of the Ningyos. To begin, we have to understand that they are not dolls for children to play, but “fetishes” on which parents focus their hope that they will have a good future. And what are the messages they convey? Traditional Japanese society worships very definite values ​​for men and women. These values, that are still very ingrained, especially among older people, flow from the History and traditions that govern coexistence, at all social levels. What are these values? Those who define male behavior have their roots in “bushido”, which can be translated as “the warrior's path”, that is, o samurai. O Bushidō -...
Letter to sinologists
Asia, China, Japan

Letter to sinologists

Many wonder about what is Sinology, what does a sinologist, who is considered Sinologist or not and what is the purpose of this career. As Sinology itself teaches us through one of its famous Chengyu expressions: Dào Shān Xué Hǎi (Daoshan Xuehai), which in a free translation means: learning is as high as the mountain and as deep as the ocean, however, if we do a literal analysis, we will see that Confucius, who was assigned that expression, associated Dào (Tao), the way or doctrine to Shān (mountain) Mountain. So that we can deduce that the road to knowledge is as high as the mountain, that reaching the peak requires effort, so something tiring and laborious. And when we talk about Dào (Tao) way, we bring up, the Taoism, Chinese Buddhism and Confucionism ...
Japan and the green economy
Asia, Japan

Japan and the green economy

The Prime Minister of Japan, Yoshihide Suga, announced yesterday, 27 from December, a plan to make the country carbon-free by 2050 and alternatively encourage companies in the energy sector to gradually focus on the use of renewable energy and hydrogen. Suga promised to achieve zero net carbon emissions in 30 years. For this, he urged Japanese auto companies, of great penetration across the planet, to “become carbon-free by 2030”. As a consequence, oil-powered vehicles will be eliminated, according to the government, in about fifteen years. In contrast, such an initiative should generate almost US $ 2 trillions in “green” business and investments, as stated. Suga had already announced this purpose in a political speech in October..
Japan after Shinzo Abe (II): the new leader
Asia, Japan

Japan after Shinzo Abe (II): the new leader

Prime Minister of Japan - Yoshihide Suga No artigo "Japan after Shinzo Abe" (02/09/20), I referred to Shinzo Abe's unexpected resignation as Prime Minister of Japan, in 28 last august. Now, I would like to discuss with your friends the question of your succession. As I mentioned earlier, with the end of the term Abe, that lasted eight years, the longest cycle of stability in contemporary Japan's governance has ended; a lot due to your leadership, that sought to print its personal brand in the management, especially with regard to two fundamental themes. The first was his effort - frustrated - to review the stony rigidity of Article 9, of the Constitution of 1947, - to "pacifist" - outlined by World War II winners in the nuclear debris of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, a...
Japan after Shinzo Abe
Asia, Japan

Japan after Shinzo Abe

The sudden resignation, allegedly for health reasons, of Shinzo Abe as Prime Minister of Japan, in day 28 last august, before the end of his term, ends a long period in which the country sought to reposition itself in the East Asia region and rediscover its protagonism throughout much of the second half of the last century until the meteoric rise of neighboring China posed practically unreachable challenges for the Japanese government and society, finally snatching from the country the second place among the largest economies on the planet. Abe-san's personal history is confused with that of post-war Japan. He is the heir to a long and influential line of politicians. Your maternal grandfather, Nobusuke Kish, became known for the brutal way ...
Authoritarianism: the double-edged sword of Southeast Asia
Asia, Bangladesh, Brunei, Cambodia, China, Philippines, Indonesia, Japan, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam

Authoritarianism: the double-edged sword of Southeast Asia

PAD Demonstration. Sukhumvit Road. Bangkok. 20th October 2008. The word diversity can define Southeast Asia. There are so many dialects, ethnicities, peoples and religions in just 4.100.000 km², that the uniqueness of the region and the entire subcontinent becomes consensual. A China de Mao Zedong, is a pattern that is repeated today in Southeast Asia, when the authoritarian government took the first steps to eradicate poverty and homogenize the population creating the mainstays of contemporary China. The process was driven by Deng Xiaoping, in 1979, when starting the opening of the country to the world. Like a mirror, the southeast asia, marked by such culturally different countries has been converging in an intriguing pattern: fragile democracies, authoritarian governments and the general development of ...
Japan and the threat of the Chinese Dragon
China, Japan

Japan and the threat of the Chinese Dragon

Map highlighting China and Japan The website “Political Connection” published a story at the end of last month about the growing mobilization of the Japanese to untie the dependence of their trade on the Chinese. This deserves careful thought.. According to the report, Prime Minister Shinzo Abe proposed “to build an economy less dependent on a country, a China, so that Japan can better avoid supply chain disruptions ”. The latest alibi is Covid19: Tóquio acusa Pequim, like several other countries, by the way, to “manipulate” the pandemic to consolidate its hegemony over world trade, “Monitoring”, for example, the sale and shipping of respirators - a sector that dominates internationally - and assistance to other countries based on their (still) perceived success in lu ...
Confucius and the Corona Virus
China, South Korea, Spain, U.S, Europe, Italy, Japan

Confucius and the Corona Virus

A man stands in a nearly empty street during the Chinese New Year holiday this week in Beijing, China. Getty Images Polemizando... Pointed times ours, of controversies, “fake news”, antagonisms and, about everything, of a lot of incomprehension. Locked at home, I read the article - "A global war" - that the chronicler Lourival Sant´ Anna published in Estadão do dia 29/03 regarding the divisions between countries as to the different ways in which they are facing the tragedy. He made the following observation about how East Asia is managing to curb the epidemic faster than the West: “... there was no need to force anything: common sense prevailed among the population and its religious leaders, who could not resist suspending their activities ”... Why is this happening? Is...