ISSN 2674-8053

France

Tensions between France and Turkey make it harder for Turks to enter the European Union
Europe, France, International Organizations, Middle East, Turkey, European Union

Tensions between France and Turkey make it harder for Turks to enter the European Union

Presidentes Tayyip Erdogan (Turkey) and Emmanuel Macron (France) In March 2021, the current president of France, Emmanuel Macron, warned against Turkish interference in the French elections of 2022 during an interview for France television channel 5. In the interview, claimed that Turkey disseminated the state's lie policies through the media. In 2018, Macron had already closed the doors of the European Union to the entry of Turkey for the next few years, a process that started some time ago 57 years, and proposed, as an alternative, a partnership. The Turkish Head of State, Recep Tayyip Erdogan, lamented the posture of the Europeans in blocking the entry of their country into the bloc, holding that there is no other country in the same position as Turkey, of suffering retaliation for possible interference, on...
What is America First?
Americas, U.S, Europe, France, UK

What is America First?

Illustration by Eleanor Shakespeare for TIME Throughout the history of the United States, it is possible to perceive a pendular movement around the Isolationism-Interventionism axis. Recently, there has been a tendency to seek to analyze in advance the foreign policy of the US presidents in terms of the political party and its alleged connection with one of the extremes of this axis. (Republicans with isolationism and Democrats with interventionism). I propose an analysis that understands these movements in a more elongated way, based on ages. To understand this reading, the first question we must ask ourselves is: what does the term America First mean and where does it come from? The expression America First (“United States first”, in a free translation) goes back to President Thomas Jefferson (to have...
The impacts of the second wave of Coronavirus on the European economy
Germany, Europe, France

The impacts of the second wave of Coronavirus on the European economy

Authors Isabela Paez Halak and Natália Yuri Kitayama After economic stagnation due to the first wave of Coronavirus in Europe, the European economy resumed its growth slowly. Between July and September, the GDP of the countries of the European Union grew 12,1%. However, possible restrictions with the second wave of the virus predict a new recession. According to a forecast made in November by the European Commission, eurozone GDP will decline by 7,8% this year and the recovery in 2021 will be slow, with growth of 4,2%, which demonstrates a decrease in 1,9% compared to the July estimate. These figures are the result of the new restrictive measures adopted by Europeans. The Germany, the largest economy in the European Union, imposed a lockdown that closed bars, restaurants, cinemas, t...
The relationship between France and Islam remains conflictive
Europe, France

The relationship between France and Islam remains conflictive

Protestants denouncing President Emmanuel Macron in Srinagar Authors Beatriz Canazzo Santáguita and Pedro Henrique de Castro Gonçalves A succession of terrorist attacks by radical Islamic groups continues to take place in France, the country with the largest population in Europe of Muslim origin. After the death of Professor Samuel Paty, the President of France, Emmanuel Macron, plans an action plan against Islamic radicalism, foreseeing in their speeches the containment of this radical ideology due to the fact that religion is above democracy and does not coincide with the country's values. In response to Macron, a knife attack took place at the end of October in the Notre-Dame Basilica in Nice, the death of 3 people, among them a Brazilian. During the event, it was stated that the ...
Second wave of Covid-19 in Europe
Germany, Belgium, Europe, France, UK

Second wave of Covid-19 in Europe

ECDC’s visualisation on the distribution of COVID-19 cases in EU/EEA and the UK, retrieved on 14 April 2020. Authors: Lara Cristal Gonçalves and Mariana Clemente Europe is facing the second wave of the pandemic, a skyrocketing increase in the number of new cases and deaths. Some countries like Belgium, France, Germany and the United Kingdom enact sanitary measures, closing of some establishments and even a curfew for its citizens.  Before everything, it should be noted that a study of European institutions has mapped a mutation in SARS- CoV-2 that has been spreading across the continent. The research that found this mutation has not yet been made available, logo, has not yet gone through the review of scientists, what is essential to validate the findings (Twitter, 2020). D...
Relationship between France and Islam: how was it and how is it
Europe, France

Relationship between France and Islam: how was it and how is it

REUTERS / Charles Platiau Authors: Beatriz Canazzo Santáguita and Pedro Henrique Gonçalves France is the country that has the largest Muslim population among the countries of the European Union (EU), currently having 5 millions of Muslims, What represents 7% of the French population. However,, even with this considerable portion of inhabitants, the relationship between France the Islamic population has been deteriorating due to the rise of Islamic separatism, radical Islamism that ignores the laws of the republic and promotes violence. In response to this movement, in October 2020, the president, Emmanuel Macron promised in his speech to fight this fanaticism, at first, increasing vigilance over people who practice indoctrination of any religion within schools, seen the concept of laï ...
Cloister Memorial
Asia, U.S, Europe, France, Laos

Cloister Memorial

With regard to a matter from the "Fantastic" about the bombs in Laos COPE - Laos. Photo by Fausto Godoy - Personal archive. Today's “Fantastic” program featured a poignant story on the issue of mines that have not yet been deactivated in Laos and that cause enormous physical damage to the population. To recap the question: US bombing in Laos (1964-1973) was part of an attempt by the “Central Intelligence Agency” /C.I.A. to eradicate or group "Pathet Lao", allied to North Vietnam and the Soviet Union during the Vietnam War (1955-1975). In the context of the Cold War, o Laos, officially neutral, became one of the main battlefields between the United States and China / Soviet Union. Photo by Fausto Godoy - Personal archive. Americans' efforts to save ...
The paralysis of the WTO or the end of the world economic order that we know
Americas, Saudi Arabia, world Bank, Brazil, China, U.S, Studies, Europe, IMF, France, GATT, OIC, OMC, International Organizations, Russia

The paralysis of the WTO or the end of the world economic order that we know

WTO building, in Geneva The recent and profound crisis of the World Trade Organization (OMC) is just the latest sign of the wasting of the world economic order. In opinion article recently published by the Washington Post, the professor in international politics Daniel Drezner foresees the end of the liberal economic order as we know it.[i] In fact, there are indications that the world economy is entering a new (of)order protection-based economic. It is not just the end of liberalism as reasoned by Prof. Drezner, we also run the risk of reaching the end of the principle of economic cooperation. The world economic order we know was forged by iron and fire at the end of World War II and expanded since the end of the cold war. Set in motion in the west to ...
The ship goes (II)… or visited from Xi Jinping to Europa
China, Europe, France, Italy

The ship goes (II)… or visited from Xi Jinping to Europa

Xi Jinping has just returned to China after a “seduction” trip to Italy and France in an attempt to convince the two governments to integrate their ambitious project to unite Asia with Europe and Africa in the reconstitution of what was the greatest integration route economic and civilizational history of humanity: the Silk Road. As we know. the “Road and Belt Initiaitive” of your inspiration, supported by the trillions of dollars of reserves that the PRC has to carry out the project, seeks to consolidate the dream of the Chinese, for intercontinental integration, turning the Chinese economy into the driving force behind post-industrial geoeconomics. She goes “in tandem” with her other project, equally ambitious, o plano “Made in China 2025”, that elected ten cutting-edge sectors to elevate the Republic..