Poland

Rise of Authoritarianism in Poland
Europe, Poland

Rise of Authoritarianism in Poland

In day 31 March 2021 a comissão da União Europeia (EU) solicitou ao Tribunal de Justiça Europeu (TJE) que convocasse o governo polonês a prestar esclarecimento sobre a lei estabelecida no país no ano de 2019, que propunha uma mudança, uma espécie de reforma no poder Judiciário, que criaria uma correção disciplinar de acordo com ações desses juízes, sendo que esses profissionais poderiam ter até mesmo seus salários reduzidos. A UE alega que esse movimento prejudica a autonomia do poder judiciário. A Polônia, assim como a Hungria, é acusada de cometer uma série de infrações contra os preceitos que regem as decisões da EU. Vale ressaltar algumas formas de violações que são cometidas, entra elas ataques contra a mídia, aumento de impostos sobre veículos independentes e restrições...
Women’s Strike (again): Protests Against Modifying Abortion Law in Poland
Europe, Poland

Women’s Strike (again): Protests Against Modifying Abortion Law in Poland

Protest against abortion ban in Poland Authors Otávio Rauen and Ana Reis In day 22 October 2020, the Polish Constitutional Court decided to criminalize the right to abortion due to serious deficiencies in the health of the fetus, until then, ensured by the constitution. With the decision, termination of pregnancy would be legalized in only two cases: when it is life-threatening to the mother or the result of rape or incest. (AP, 2020; CBS NEWS, 2020; SKY NEWS, 2020) The decision was supported by the Catholic Church and the ultra conservative government, who has adopted tough policies against women and the gender agenda. On several occasions, President Andrzej Duda explicitly spoke out against legal abortion in situations where the child has Down syndrome and where ...
Elections in Poland and the rise of conservatism
Europe, International Organizations, Poland, European Union

Elections in Poland and the rise of conservatism

Polish President Andrzej Duda (The day after tomorrow's photo) Authors: Pedro Henrique de Castro Gonçalves and Beatriz Canazzo Santáguita Poland's presidential election, in the middle of Covid-19 pandemic, may have changed the course of the country. A close dispute between two candidates, Rafal Trzaskowski, center-right alignment and a liberal policy, had 48,79%, while Andrzej Duda had 51,21% of votes (The country,2020), getting, like this, reelect. The ultra-conservative politician has ruled the country since 2015, in a semi-presidential system, accumulating the post of Head of State with the international portfolio. The Prime Minister, Head of government, determines internal issues. Duda's reelection reflects the ideological issue of the Polish population, since most support their national speech ...
THE (Of)Case of two refugees: a humanitarian and European issue.
Germany, Europe, Greece, Hungary, Middle East, Poland, Czech Republic, Sweden

THE (Of)Case of two refugees: a humanitarian and European issue.

Fire in Moria refugee camp, in Greece. (ANSA photo) Authors: Ana Reis and Otávio Rauen In day 09 of September, a fire on the Greek island of Lesbos, no Moria Refugee Camp, prompted the mass relocation of 13.000 people mostly from conflict zones in the Middle East. The incident started after a protest in the field generated by the strict quarantine imposed after the detection of cases of COVID-19 (The country, 2020). After this, in 16 of September, six young Afghans under the age of 20 years were accused by the Greek authorities for being involved in the event (Estadão, 2020). Humanitarian conditions within the Moria camp were extremely precarious: over crowded, unhealthy, lack of water, absence of basic sanitation and other factors ...