ISSN 2674-8053

European Union

Inflation records in the Eurozone: causes and consequences
International Organizations, European Union

Inflation records in the Eurozone: causes and consequences

By Laura Cariolin and Sofia Ornelas Moreira Amidst a context of war, instability and energy insecurity, the European Union faces another challenge: contain rising inflation, which breaks records in the Eurozone. After the European currency fell below the dollar in August, Eurostat confirmed, In September, an inflation of 9,1% per year (Reuters, 2022), the biggest since its inception. By analyzing individual countries in the bloc, it is possible to find examples such as Estonia, which showed an inflation of 23,2% a year in july (STATISTA, 2022). Based on this information, the need to identify the causes and consequences of the danger that threatens the old continent is perceptible. With this drastic rise in inflation, all countries are disadvantaged. With the increase of ...
The Impact of the War in Ukraine on NATO and the European Union
International Organizations, OTAN, European Union

The Impact of the War in Ukraine on NATO and the European Union

By Karen Laura Feliciano and Laura Cariolin The Ukrainian War caused profound changes in the countries' relationship with international economic organizations and blocs.. In this context, two situations stand out: that of NATO and the European Union. The entry of new countries generated an intense debate, and destabilized interactions between states, having as one of the protagonists, in both cases, in Turkey. In the context of NATO, the entry of Sweden and Finland into the organization was stopped by Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, while Ukraine's entry into the European Union was criticized by Turkey, that seeks to enter the block since 1999 (GERMAN WAVE, [s.d.]). Thus, it is clear that the War in Ukraine impacted the expansion of the EU and NATO. With regard to NATO, to its...
Energy security in Europe
Europe, International Organizations, Russia, Ukraine, European Union

Energy security in Europe

Map of cross-border energy pipelines. For: Pedro Gerhardt & Victor Manzoni The European Union in recent years has become one of the global leaders when it comes to energy security and also in relation to the high rates of integration of renewable energy from solar and wind sources. The Union still has a very well developed energy infrastructure, market with extreme competition, besides being the only region where energy consumption is falling, being a sign of the EU's energy efficiency. New energy sources depend mainly on resources from renewable sources and will also need to rely on the plurality of European countries to strengthen their plans.. about this aspect, Each region has its strengths and advantages contributing each...
European Union plans to cease use of Russian oil and gases
Europe, International Organizations, Russia, European Union

European Union plans to cease use of Russian oil and gases

Article written by Maíra Figueredo Gomes and Marina Wohlers Ariboni The European Union plans to reduce its dependence on Russian oil and gas by two-thirds by the end of the year and to zero by the end of the year. 2027, in view of the war between Russia and Ukraine and the desire to apply sanctions against Putin so that there is a possible cessation of military aggression by Russia against Ukraine. “The risk of stagnation will also depend a lot on the duration of the war”, said the EU economic commissioner, Paolo Gentiloni. they have committed to cut their carbon dioxide emissions by more than half by, Ursula von der Leyen, also stated that it will propose a plan to gradually eliminate dependence on Russian fossil fuels. Russia is, currently, the world's largest oil exporter and the largest gas exporter to the European continent..
Humanitarian visas to enter the European Union
International Organizations, European Union

Humanitarian visas to enter the European Union

Article written by Isabela Paro and Maria Cerdeira The European Union has adopted temporary protection for refugees fleeing the war in Ukraine, but with demand for those who left the country to escape the war from 24 February 2022, and lack of travel and medical documents will not be an impasse. In this sense, this protection gives the right to residency, medical access, early childhood education and the labor market. This humanitarian visa provision process has a procedure that is applied to all EU countries, however, the greater presence of refugees in former socialist countries territorially close to Ukraine is notable. The purpose of this protection is to relieve pressure on national asylum systems and allow displaced persons to use the...
Russia-Ukraine: three months and a world that only uses outdated strategies
Europe, International Organizations, Russia, Ukraine, European Union

Russia-Ukraine: three months and a world that only uses outdated strategies

Number of sanctions imposed by the US and EU on Russia (2014-2018) Since the beginning of February 2022 Tensions between Russia and Ukraine have increased significantly. At this moment, almost all international analysts argued that there would be no armed conflict between the two countries, summing it up to a power play by Russia. In 24 February 2022 conflict between the two countries began. analysts, at this moment, claimed it would be a quick conflict in which Russia would soon take control over Ukraine, imposing your goals: prevent Ukraine from joining NATO and the European Union. Today, the conflict reaches three months of existence without any clarity on when and how it will end.. Apparently they will still be m...
Accession of the Balkans to the European Union
Kosovo, International Organizations, European Union

Accession of the Balkans to the European Union

Article written by Giulia Ornellas and Vitor Saatkamp The current scenario of the Russian invasion of Ukraine has been worrying the Balkan Peninsula, which recalls moments of tension and destruction caused by NATO's humanitarian intervention in Yugoslavia in 1999. Considered one of the most critical regions in Europe, the Balkans are made up of 12 countries, being them Albania, Greece, part of turkey, Romania, Bulgaria, and the former republics of Yugoslavia: Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia Herzegovina, Montenegro, Macedonia, Serbia and since 2008, Kosovo. Due to its geographical location situated between Asia and Europe, and mainly by the polarization of the Orthodox and Islamic religions, Western and Eastern cultures are constantly in conflict, and consequently, their political interests and eco...
Europa e as maneiras de (re)Europe and ways to
International Organizations, European Union

Europe and ways to (re)Europe and ways to

Europe and ways to, Europe and ways to, Europe and ways to, Europe and ways to, Europe and ways to, map, map. This topic has been discussed in several forums around the world., by countries and international organizations and even in the private sphere, with the emergence of the so-called Stakeholder Capitalism and its ESG agenda. Within this very relevant debate nowadays, the issue of water becomes very important, since it is an extremely essential resource for human life and is increasingly lacking, generating several crises in world geopolitics. currently, or accounts ...
COP26
International Organizations, European Union

COP26

Article written by Isabela Paez Halak and Natália Yuri Kitayama Greenwashing is a term referring to.., in 1992, Article written by Isabela Paez Halak and Natália Yuri Kitayama Greenwashing is a term referring to.., Article written by Isabela Paez Halak and Natália Yuri Kitayama Greenwashing is a term referring to.., map. in that treaty, nations agreed to “stabilize greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere” to prevent dangerous interference by human activity with the climate system. currently, the agreement has 197 signatories. Since 1994, when the agreement came into force, the United Nations annually brings together almost every country on the planet for the global climate summits, or the so-called “COPs” that, no abbreviation, are known as the “Conference of the Parties”. This was supposed to be the 27th annual meeting, however, as the COVID-19 pandemic, the meeting ...
The European Greenwashing
International Organizations, European Union

The European Greenwashing

The European Greenwashing. Article written by Isabela Paez Halak and Natália Yuri Kitayama, Article written by Isabela Paez Halak and Natália Yuri Kitayama. Article written by Isabela Paez Halak and Natália Yuri Kitayama, Article written by Isabela Paez Halak and Natália Yuri Kitayama, indeed, Article written by Isabela Paez Halak and Natália Yuri Kitayama. Article written by Isabela Paez Halak and Natália Yuri Kitayama, Article written by Isabela Paez Halak and Natália Yuri Kitayama, Article written by Isabela Paez Halak and Natália Yuri Kitayama. Article written by Isabela Paez Halak and Natália Yuri Kitayama: Article written by Isabela Paez Halak and Natália Yuri Kitayama, Article written by Isabela Paez Halak and Natália Yuri Kitayama. Habitually, Habitually, Yet, growth is observed..