Americas

Os desafios da política externa do Governo Joe Biden
Americas, Asia, China, U.S, Yemen, India, Will, Middle East

Os desafios da política externa do Governo Joe Biden

Presidente dos EUA Joe Biden Ao completar seu primeiro mês no cargo, o Presidente Joe Biden se defronta com vários desafios na política internacional. O manejo desses desafios começa a revelar os novos rumos da política externa norte-americana. O enfrentamento das múltiplas questões que envolvem o relacionamento EUA/China é desafiado pela incrível complexidade das questões, além da falta de consenso no governo e no Partido Democrata sobre qual deve ser o foco da relação dos EUA com o gigante asiático. Há uma maioria que defende o fim da confrontação política permanente e do esforço de desassociação das economias (decoupling, no termo em inglês), posição defendida por poderosos grupos econômicos que mantém enormes interesses na China. At the same time, muitos integrantes do partido Dem...
The border issue between Venezuela and Guyana
Americas, U.S, Guiana, Venezuela

The border issue between Venezuela and Guyana

Map with the border between Venzuela and Guyana, with projection of the maritime area. Tension on the border between Venezuela and Guyana made headlines last weekend, due to apprehension, by the Venezuelan Navy, of the Guyanese fishing vessels "Nady Nayera" and "Sea Wolf". The chancelleries of the two countries exchanged protest notes. Guyana accuses Venezuela of having committed an “act of aggression” by seizing ships in Guyanese waters. Venezuelans responded that the seizure was legitimate, because it was carried out in waters under the jurisdiction of your country. The dispute predates the independence of the two countries. Since the beginning of the century 19, Spanish and British already disputed the positioning of the border between their colonies in northern South America. In 1835, with Venezuela ...
Largest free trade area in the world may not become reality
Americas, Brazil, Mercosur, International Organizations, European Union

Largest free trade area in the world may not become reality

Authors: Ana Reis and Otávio Rauen The Mercosur Agreement - European Union, celebrated in June 2019, after more than 20 years of negotiation, promises to achieve one of the largest international free trade areas, with 780 millions of consumers, anchored in the reduction of import-export tariffs, due to the technological increase in production. Yet, the environmental and sustainable issue has become an impediment to such achievement. (Globo Rural, 2019; Agency Brazil, 2019) Brazil is the largest exporter of beef in the world, having as one of its main - and more growing - destination, the European Union. The block, Yet, is highly demanding with the quality and quantity of standards regarding meat imports, which increases the price paid for at. As European livestock shows ....
China and Brazil: the old and the young
Americas, Asia, Brazil, China

China and Brazil: the old and the young

Chinese President Xi Jinping with Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro in Brasilia, 13 November 2019. (Xinhua Photo) Following the fashion in vogue in today's Brazil to speak using metaphors related to trivial and private aspects of human life, let's start with a metaphor, however, we will enrich it with some concepts and examples from the far east. It is known that, at different stages of life, we are faced with crises of different circumstances, some light, other serious. Today, with 520 years of history, Brazil can be considered a young nation, in front of 5000 years that China has. This young man, just like any other, faces crises, but at that moment there are intense crises that depending on your choices, define the direction and results of the future. In this ...
Joe Biden's Asia
Americas, Asia, BRICS, China, U.S, India, International Organizations, Global Themes

Joe Biden's Asia

Joe Biden (US President) e Xi Jinping (President from China) at a meeting in China in 2013 - AP Photo Lintao Zhang Asia has traditionally been an enigma for American administrations, who find partners in the region - or not - with the dimension of China, India, Japan and South Korea, economic giants whose long shared history reveals nuances and presents challenges that go beyond the simplistic Western ideal of “Trump style”. From you, over the past century, Asian countries have chosen regional security as a priority in their relationship with the United States. From the end of II the War, Americans are committed to ensuring peacekeeping in the eastern Pacific. This commitment is before the State rather than the government, as evidenced by “Taiw ...
The infectiousness of international sanctions
Americas, Cuba, U.S, Venezuela

The infectiousness of international sanctions

International sanctions are an instrument of extreme foreign policy, generally adopted when diplomatic channels do not work as expected. Trade sanctions aim to isolate the country from international trade flows, leading to a stranglehold on its economy. Thereby, it is expected that the local population will feel the limitations and start to pressure their government to change the situation that led to international sanction. Logically it seems to be a good policy, but it is not. Even if the sanction is directed at a particular government, in practice its main impacts are on the population, people who have few, when any, condition to influence government behavior. Limiting access to international goods, as well as the impact ...
The agreement between the European Union and Mercosur
Germany, Americas, Argentina, Brazil, Europe, Mercosur, International Organizations, Paraguay, European Union, Uruguay

The agreement between the European Union and Mercosur

Authors: Bruna Barrento and Maria Julia Zito In the South American scenario, the Southern Common Market (Mercosur) consists of a customs union between Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay. In this sense, the members of this agreement have common external tariffs. Whereas in the European scenario, the European Union consists of a political and economic union with free movement of people, services and capital between 27 economies of Europe. It should be added that such unions constitute a mostly economic relationship. In addition, in 2019, the EU presented itself as Mercosur's second largest trading partner. Thereby, it was decided to establish a macrostructure to support the relationship between the two blocks. Thus, since 1999, negotiations have started on the elaboration of an agreement that f ...
Stop saying that we are in a new Cold War
Americas, Brazil, U.S, Europe, Russia

Stop saying that we are in a new Cold War

Cartoon posted at Global Village Space It is common to see analyzes saying that we are entering a new Cold War. This usually happens with each more incisive move made by the Chinese government. Basically the idea is that the United States would be on a pole of power and China would come to occupy the opposite pole, questioning American power. While the question of tensions around power projections may be true, it is incorrect to say that this is a Cold War. What was the Cold War? In a more superficial way was the indirect clash between the United States and the Soviet Union (basically sustained in the atomic race). In more structural terms, the big question was the competition between two models of self-excluding political-economic organization. Ultimately i ...
Plan Colombia Grows and its impact on Venezuela
Americas, Colombia, U.S, Venezuela

Plan Colombia Grows and its impact on Venezuela

Photo: Instagram / Iván Duque In August (2020) the launch of the Colombia Crece Plan was announced, result of military cooperation between the governments of Colombia and the United States and focused on combating drug trafficking. It can be said that it is a second phase of Plan Colombia, responsible for the injection of USD 7 billion in Colombia between 2000 e 2016. The agreement comes at a time when Colombia is experiencing alarming levels of violence. Have already been registered in the country, only in 2020, 46 massacres and over a thousand murdered social leaders. Until recently, the FARC dominated the interior of the country and, with peace agreements, it would be up to the Colombian State to "reoccupy" that space. However, the Colombian state is clearly weak in the interior, with a clear absence of public policies that ...
The Pentagon report on China
Americas, Asia, China, U.S

The Pentagon report on China

Photo: National Historic Landmark Nomination The US built the most powerful war machine the world has ever known. And the whole army, to stay on top, need to know your possible enemies perfectly. By the way, this was already taught by the Chinese Sun Tzu, there is 2,5 a thousand years. The US Ministry of Defense has just sent Congress its annual report on China. It is the 20th edition of the study, which carefully analyzes Chinese Defense policies and strategies and tracks the material and doctrinal development of the People's Liberation Army (ELP). With 200 pages, the document finds that the PLA has been strengthened and modernized in almost all possible dimensions. There are some aspects, inclusive, where Chinese military capabilities already outnumber cover..