ISSN 2674-8053

Americas

Nicaragua: the cost of international sanctions falls on the population
Nicaragua

Nicaragua: the cost of international sanctions falls on the population

Amnesty International's photo Nicaragua is a Central American country relatively little known by Brazilians.. The few times that the country appears in the Brazilian media is to talk about (superficially) of some coup or disaster that occurs in the country. The latest news shows popular demonstrations and the repressive response of Nicaraguan President Daniel Ortega. The view presented is that he is an authoritarian dictator in an unstable country. However, more than a juncture, there is a more structural issue there: the country is under economic pressure due to the sanctions and embargoes it suffers. In 1985 US President Ronald Reagan declared Nicaragua a threat to national security. The result was the imposition of trade sanctions and a ban on air flights..
<a>Triangular relationship between the United States, Taiwan and China at the beginning of Joe Bidenas rule</a>
Americas, Asia, China, U.S

Triangular relationship between the United States, Taiwan and China at the beginning of Joe Biden's rule

Alison Cordeiro Sousa - Student of the International Relations course and Researcher at the Asian Business Studies Center (GIRL / ESPM) Republic of China (RDC) ou Taiwan, is an island located at 200 km from the People's Republic of China (RPC), with independent government and being recognized as a country by 20 nations in the world (BARBOSA, JUNIOR from SATUR, 2016). A RPC, watch the island, as a rebel province that is part of its territory, according to Ivanov (2022). Russia's occupation of Ukraine, in 24 February 2022, with tacit support from China to the Russian invasion, sustained in the international system, speculation about Beijing's intentions with Taiwan (YEUNG, GAN e JIANG, 2022). For example, Thaddeus (2022) states that China's abstention from voting in the Security Council of the Organizations of...
Russia-Ukraine: the spill over effect of weaponry
Americas, U.S, Europe, International Organizations, OTAN, Russia, Ukraine

Russia-Ukraine: the spill over effect of weaponry

Photo by Valentyn Onyshchenko The war between Russia and Ukraine continues with slow steps and uncertain direction. Putin recently declared that he can make use of the options he has at hand., which raised the fear of the use of atomic weapons. Although we do not know what the outcome of this possibility will be, there is another problem that is already real and has not been discussed.: what is the current and future use of the huge amount of weapons made available in this war? In any war effort, no matter how much there is an attempt to control the resources, the truth is it's hard to really know what's going on. Its value was already relatively high before the war, the West has already surpassed the spending of US$ 10 billions in military support for Ukraine. They are expenses of the most varied,...
The need to integrate Brazil into regional agendas: the case of CELAC
Americas, Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Cuba, Ecuador, Mexico, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Venezuela

The need to integrate Brazil into regional agendas: the case of CELAC

In 1983 Colombia, Mexico, Panama and Venezuela created a forum to mediate armed conflicts in Central America. At the time, the need for them to create forums for direct dialogue became clear., without the intermediation of other countries, if they really wanted to overcome the conflicts. It became known as the Contadora Group. (name of the island of Panama on which the meeting took place). In 1985 Argentina, Brazil, Peru and Uruguay joined the group and, created the Permanent Mechanism for Political Consultation and Conciliation in Latin America and the Caribbean, also known as the Rio Group. The Rio Group is not an international organization per se, insofar as it does not have a secretariat responsible for implementing and monitoring the proposals. However, it is an important space for concertation ...
The lady's visit
Americas, Asia, China, U.S

The lady's visit

The Speaker of the US House, Nancy Pelosi, walks alongside the Taiwanese president, Tsai Ing-wen, on a visit to the island's presidential headquarters, in Taipei, in 3 August 2022. - Photos: Taiwan Presidency via Associated Press Nancy Pelosi's Visit, Speaker of the House of Representatives of the US Congress to Taiwan, yesterday, 02/08, had the “merit” of garnering both President Joe Biden’s dissent and the opprobrium of the mainland Chinese.. Confronted with the “fait accompli”, Biden limited himself to showing his opposition to the initiative and claiming, as justification, the independence of the legislature in the American constitutional order. Beijing, From you, this time the europeans, considered the visit a “military provocation”. Fighter planes were deployed to the Taiwan Strait...
Democracy in Cuba depends on ending embargoes, not maintaining them
Americas, Cuba, U.S

Democracy in Cuba depends on ending embargoes, not maintaining them

Photo: Yamil Lage/AFP/Getty Images in February 1962 the president of the united states, John F. Kennedy, decreed a trade embargo against Cuba. 60 Years later, the situation remains the same.. After all, why the United States declared an embargo against Cuba? What are the results achieved?? It still makes sense to maintain embargoes against Cuba? Kennedy's idea when declaring trade embargoes against Cuba was to reduce the threat that the island posed to the United States due to its alignment with the communist axis., remembering that we were at the height of the Cold War. Its objective was to weaken the Cuban economy, which could lead to a popular uprising that questioned the communist government leading to its downfall. as we can currently see, even after 60 years the aim of changing...
And the ship goes… o BRICS
Africa, South Africa, Americas, Asia, Brazil, China, Europe, India, Russia

And the ship goes… o BRICS

The article entitled “Brics in a New Stage” deserves careful reflection., by Ambassador Rubens Barbosa, Presidents of China 17/07, in which he analyzes the 14th BRICS summit, realized in 23/ 24 of June, no virtual format, under the turn presidency of China. the theme of the meeting - “Promoting a High Quality Partnership and Ushering in a New Era for Global Development” - deals with the group's next actions at this particularly complex moment in which one of its members, hindering the respect for otherness so necessary for the coexistence between nations, promotes a war against Ukraine, that has, in its turn, as a background, the threat that Moscow understands to suffer from the West against the “status quo” of the region that was part of the Soviet “empire”. As pointed out by Ambassador, “the meeting sought to increase the partnership between the group and the...
Ukrainian troops trained in Germany by the US army
Germany, Americas, U.S, Europe, Ukraine

Ukrainian troops trained in Germany by the US army

Article written by Pedro Gerhardt Corrêa and Victor Calastri Manzoni The US military began training approximately 100 Ukrainian soldiers on German territory over artillery and radar systems. According to the Pentagon, will be used to defend Ukraine against Russian invasion. This training was instrumental in the robust defense of their capital Kiev and the struggle they are fighting in Donbass.. The training helped transform Ukraine from a Soviet-style army to a more agile and deadly force.. A large part of this training on the new defense systems, which is being carried out with Ukrainian troops, will be held by Florida guards. About 50 Ukrainians were trained using a Howitzer, an armament of l...
The energy crisis and the rapprochement between Biden and Maduro
Americas, U.S, Venezuela

The energy crisis and the rapprochement between Biden and Maduro

Article written by João Paulo Costa The possibility of rapprochement between two great enemies of the Americas, the United States and Venezuela, occurs as a consequence of a military dispute distant from Latin Americans, the current war between Russia and Ukraine. When deploying Russian troops to Ukrainian territory, Vladimir Putin used the allegation of a “genocide” in the eastern region committed by “neo-Nazi” troops. Para Volodymyr Zelensky, which received support from other international actors, including the United States, Russian interests go beyond this. By opting for military invasion, Putin sends a message to the adversary: Ukraine's entry into the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, who had been making great strides in Zelensky's administration, will not be tolerated. For the States...
Acquisition of Swedish Gripen fighters by the FAB and its relevance to Brazil
Americas, Europe, Sweden

Acquisition of Swedish Gripen fighters by the FAB and its relevance to Brazil

Article written by Karen Andersson and Laura Rossi The F-39E Gripen fighter planes, acquired by the Brazilian Air Force (FAB), developed by the Swedish company Saab, arrived in Brazil last April (2022). The aircraft were transported via a Dutch cargo ship and received in the country with an event to commemorate and integrate the aircraft into the Brazilian Hunting Aviation., with the presence of President Jair Bolsonaro. The purchase of these new fighters aims to re-equip the country's aeronautical fleet and increase the FAB's operational capacity., since the old North American F-5 fighters, previously used by Brazil, are from the decade of 1980. The process of obtaining the planes has lasted since 2014, when the Brazilian government bought the Swedish fleet for US $4,0...