ISSN 2674-8053

Brazil

The need to integrate Brazil into regional agendas: the case of CELAC
Americas, Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Cuba, Ecuador, Mexico, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Venezuela

The need to integrate Brazil into regional agendas: the case of CELAC

In 1983 Colombia, Mexico, Panama and Venezuela created a forum to mediate armed conflicts in Central America. At the time, the need for them to create forums for direct dialogue became clear., sem a intermediação de outros países, caso realmente quisessem superar os conflitos. Ficou conhecido como o Grupo de Contadora (nome da ilha do Panamá no qual ocorreu o encontro). In 1985 Argentina, Brazil, Peru e Uruguai se juntaram ao grupo e, criaram o Mecanismo Permanente de Consulta e Concertação Política da América Latina e do Caribe, também conhecido como Grupo do Rio. O Grupo do Rio não é um organismo internacional propriamente dito, na medida em que não tem um secretariado responsável pela implementação e acompanhamento das propostas. No entanto é um importante espaço para a concertação ...
And the ship goes… o BRICS
Africa, South Africa, Americas, Asia, Brazil, China, Europe, India, Russia

And the ship goes… o BRICS

The article entitled “Brics in a New Stage” deserves careful reflection., by Ambassador Rubens Barbosa, Presidents of China 17/07, in which he analyzes the 14th BRICS summit, realized in 23/ 24 of June, no virtual format, under the turn presidency of China. the theme of the meeting - “Promoting a High Quality Partnership and Ushering in a New Era for Global Development” - deals with the group's next actions at this particularly complex moment in which one of its members, hindering the respect for otherness so necessary for the coexistence between nations, promotes a war against Ukraine, that has, in its turn, as a background, the threat that Moscow understands to suffer from the West against the “status quo” of the region that was part of the Soviet “empire”. As pointed out by Ambassador, “the meeting sought to increase the partnership between the group and the...
Building international agendas: the role of the Non-Aligned Movement
Africa, South Africa, Americas, Asia, Brazil, China, Europe, India, Russia

Building international agendas: the role of the Non-Aligned Movement

member countries (dark blue) and observers (Light Blue) of the Non-Aligned Movement (2005). During the Cold War the world was structured around two large blocks: capitalist (led by the United States) and communist (led by the Soviet Union). These blocks formed an international structure known as bipolar, insofar as the blocks were antagonistic. Throughout the Cold War other important trends occurred., especially national struggles for independence, fight against imperialism and the search for overcoming poverty in a large part of the world. These trends ended up consolidating a group known as the Non-Aligned Movement. It is important to note that it was not the creation of a third pole and not necessarily the refusal of the former..
The search for an equidistant international positioning
Americas, Brazil

The search for an equidistant international positioning

The search for an equidistant international positioning, The search for an equidistant international positioning (The search for an equidistant international positioning: The search for an equidistant international positioning) The search for an equidistant international positioning, The search for an equidistant international positioning, The search for an equidistant international positioning. map, map. map. Approaches on one side or the other are soon perceived as ideological proposals by the current government, while they should be perceived as an agenda of the Brazilian State. When we depart a little from the current international conjuncture and try to better understand the structure, we easily see that the world has adjusted itself around two countries: ...
As sanções na guerra Rússia-Ucrânia: Sanctions in the Russia-Ukraine War?
Americas, Brazil, Europe, Russia, Ukraine

Sanctions in the Russia-Ukraine War: Sanctions in the Russia-Ukraine War?

Sanctions in the Russia-Ukraine War. Sanctions in the Russia-Ukraine War, so that the focus was more on its later immediate consequences. so that the focus was more on its later immediate consequences, so that the focus was more on its later immediate consequences. so that the focus was more on its later immediate consequences. so that the focus was more on its later immediate consequences, so that the focus was more on its later immediate consequences. so that the focus was more on its later immediate consequences, something else has lit the...
The ideologization of Brazilian foreign policy: why do we need to relate to everyone?
Americas, Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Ecuador, Peru

The ideologization of Brazilian foreign policy: why do we need to relate to everyone?

Photo: MARTIN BERNETTI/AFP/GETTY IMAGES / BBC News Brazil President Jair Bolsonaro said he will not attend the inauguration of the president-elect in Chile., Gabriel Boric. The inauguration ceremony is scheduled for the day 11/03 and would easily allow Bolsonaro to go, honoring the Chilean government. The reason for this refusal lies in Boric's political position, which is left. It is not the first time that Bolsonaro has refused to go to a presidential inauguration in a Latin American country.. In 2019 Bolsonaro did not attend the inauguration of Argentine Alberto Fernández (note that our 17 In previous years, Brazilian presidents attended the inauguration, given the importance of the country for Brazilian international relations). In 2020 Bolsonaro also did not attend the inauguration of Bolivian Luis Arce, not even sending a rep...
Non-external intervention in elections and Brazil
Americas, Brazil, Chile

Non-external intervention in elections and Brazil

President-elect of Chile, Gabriel boric Not last sunday (19/12/2021) the new Chilean president was elected. After a fierce dispute between a leftist and a rightist, the victor was Gabriel Boric, Left deputy and former student leader. The elections were marred by problems such as the difficulty of public transport for people to vote, leading city halls to make official cars available so that people could vote. Side-by-side accusations of responsibility and impact on the election result were fired. However, the result was accepted by all. This case is just one more example of the differences between democratic processes found around the world.. Not only are the game rules valid in each country, also ...
Belarus crisis and the price of food in Brazil
Americas, Belarus, Brazil, Europe

Belarus crisis and the price of food in Brazil

Belarus, also known as Belarus, is one of the world's leading exporters of Potassium Chloride, used in the manufacture of fertilizers, however, the political crisis in the country is making it difficult to export this product, affecting, thus, food prices in Brazil. The eastern European country represents 20% of the world production of potassium, being, the first supplier of this item to Brazil. Belarus is considered the last dictatorship in Europe, having as president Alexander Lukashenko, elected in 1994. In May 2021, an opposing journalist was arrested, after the government ordered the plane the journalist was on to land in Minsk, in the country's capital. Thereby, countries like UK, Canada, USA and among others, decided to sanction the econo....
The BRICS Contingent Reserve Agreement as an alternative to Brazil
Americas, Argentina, Brazil, BRICS, International Organizations

The BRICS Contingent Reserve Agreement as an alternative to Brazil

Contribution of each state to the BRICS Contingent Reserve Agreement. In times of global economic crisis it is important for countries to have quick access to international currencies in order to maintain their ability to pay internationally. To a large extent it is this availability of reserves that the International Monetary Fund (IMF) makes available. The problem, in this case, is that the IMF only releases resources through the commitment and implementation of a series of fiscal austerity policies. The IMF's objective is to ensure that the borrowing country is able to repay the resource., but this usually leads to a deepening of the internal economic crisis. (in what economists call pro-cyclical actions). In 2014, in a movement to create alternatives ...
Brazilian insertion in international trade blocks
Americas, Brazil, BRICS, International Organizations

Brazilian insertion in international trade blocks

Main trading partners for each state in Brazil The global integration of production processes is a reality that has already been confirmed, but still not well used by Brazil. To have a current example of the relevance of the integration of countries into productive blocks, just look at the case of England. with your exit (which is not even complete) of the European Union what you see is the chaos of production and product supply. lack workers, raw material and products to be consumed in the country, who believed to have a self-sufficient economy. As much as we don't realize, each product we consume depends on actions carried out in the most diverse places in the world. The integration of this production process is called the Global Value Chain, having several productive steps until the final product: e...