ISSN 2674-8053

Brazil

The BRICS Contingent Reserve Agreement as an alternative to Brazil
Americas, Argentina, Brazil, BRICS, International Organizations

The BRICS Contingent Reserve Agreement as an alternative to Brazil

Contribution of each state to the BRICS Contingent Reserve Agreement. Em momentos de crise econômica global é importante que os países possam contar com rápido acesso a divisas internacionais a fim de manter sua capacidade de pagamentos internacionais. Em grande medida é essa disponibilidade de reservas que o Fundo Monetário Internacional (IMF) disponibiliza. O problema, in this case, é que o FMI só libera os recursos mediante o compromisso e implementação de uma série de políticas de austeridade fiscal. O objetivo do FMI é garantir que o país que toma o empréstimo tenha capacidade de devolver o recurso, mas isso costuma levar a um aprofundamento da crise econômica interna (no que é chamado pelos economistas de ações pró-cíclicas). In 2014, num movimento de criação de alternativas ...
Brazilian insertion in international trade blocks
Americas, Brazil, BRICS, International Organizations

Brazilian insertion in international trade blocks

Principais parceiros comerciais para cada estado do Brasil A integração global dos processos produtivos é uma realidade já confirmada, mas ainda não bem aproveitada pelo Brasil. Para se ter um exemplo atual da relevância da integração dos países em blocos produtivos basta olhar o caso da Inglaterra. Com sua saída (que sequer está completa) da União Europeia o que se vê é o caos produtivo e de oferta de produtos. Faltam trabalhadores, matéria-prima e produtos para serem consumidos no país, que acreditou ter uma economia autossuficiente. Por mais que não percebamos, cada produto que consumimos depende de ações realizadas nos mais diversos lugares do mundo. A integração desse processo produtivo é chamada de Cadeia Global de Valor, tendo diversas etapas produtivas até o produto final: e...
BRICS and the Covid-19 vaccine, one more chance missed
Americas, Asia, Brazil, BRICS, China, Europe, India, International Organizations, Russia

BRICS and the Covid-19 vaccine, one more chance missed

REUTERS FILE PHOTO Vaccination for Covid-19 is advancing and the world begins to breathe a sigh of relief, but it hides a much harsher and more unequal reality in the world we live in. Access to vaccines, as well as its production, it is the result of power relations that only reinforce the inequality that exists between countries.. Once the size of the problem with Covid-19 became clear, the richest countries started their efforts to produce vaccines and to purchase or block in advance the vaccines to be produced. To get an idea, by the end of 2020 these countries had already guaranteed 3,8 billions of doses. The amount purchased by countries like the United States and European countries far exceeded their population. only the USA, for example, bought vaccines that surpassed 5 doses per....
Brazilian interests in the United States threatened by the Bolsonaro government's environmental policy
Americas, Brazil, U.S

Brazilian interests in the United States threatened by the Bolsonaro government's environmental policy

Amazon rainforest (Pirititi area) (Felipe Werneck / Ibama via AP) On the return of the United States to the international climate agenda, Biden invited 40 world leaders, including the Brazilian president, for a virtual meeting during Earth Day celebrations on the days 22 e 23 of April, a milestone for COP26 to be held in Glasgow in November. One of its goals is to ensure the commitment of the main economies of the world to reduce the emissions of this decade and to maintain the limit of heating of 1,5 degrees Celsius. There is still no confirmation about the presence of President Bolsonaro at this event. The importance of the international environmental agenda for the Biden administration is evident, Among other things, by the political weight of his special envoy to the climate, the former secretary of es....
<span lang ="en">Brazil’s oil problem</span>
Americas, Asia, Brazil, South Korea, U.S

Brazil’s oil problem

How the current pandemics and recent tendencies could shape the future of oil generation towards low-carbon clean energy substitutes in Brazil? Taking into consideration the rising and volatile prices of oil in the current uncertain scenario promoted by the COVID-19 pandemics, the experienced supply shock caused by industry lockdowns as well as a fragilized reputation of the Brazilian government, the proposed analysis consists in the elaboration of three scenarios around the strategy aim. In a year where the world, despite suffering from the pandemics, committed a record $501.3bi to decarbonization, in which companies, governments and households invested $303.5bi in new renewable energy capacity (BloombergNEF, 2021), the importance of considering the low-carbon energy transition...
The end of a government that has not started
Americas, Brazil

The end of a government that has not started

President Jair Bolsonaro The memory in politics is short, because politics is the art of passion, and the passions are ephemeral. Given the complexity of contemporary societies, citizens don't have time, competence or even desire to engage in all discussions that go through politics, and the result of this is that we want to find politicians who present us with a world view that we understand and like, simplifying all the complexity and making us believe that the world is simple. In 2018, then candidate Jair Bolsonaro was able to fall in love 57,8 millions of Brazilian voters. A small portion of these voters knew Bolsonaro's diffuse proposals, a large majority saw in the retired captain a chance to no longer have the PT in the government. As much as I have....
Largest free trade area in the world may not become reality
Americas, Brazil, Mercosur, International Organizations, European Union

Largest free trade area in the world may not become reality

Authors: Ana Reis and Otávio Rauen The Mercosur Agreement - European Union, celebrated in June 2019, after more than 20 years of negotiation, promises to achieve one of the largest international free trade areas, with 780 millions of consumers, anchored in the reduction of import-export tariffs, due to the technological increase in production. Yet, the environmental and sustainable issue has become an impediment to such achievement. (Globo Rural, 2019; Agency Brazil, 2019) Brazil is the largest exporter of beef in the world, having as one of its main - and more growing - destination, the European Union. The block, Yet, is highly demanding with the quality and quantity of standards regarding meat imports, which increases the price paid for at. As European livestock shows ....
China and Brazil: the old and the young
Americas, Asia, Brazil, China

China and Brazil: the old and the young

Chinese President Xi Jinping with Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro in Brasilia, 13 November 2019. (Xinhua Photo) Following the fashion in vogue in today's Brazil to speak using metaphors related to trivial and private aspects of human life, let's start with a metaphor, however, we will enrich it with some concepts and examples from the far east. It is known that, at different stages of life, we are faced with crises of different circumstances, some light, other serious. Today, with 520 years of history, Brazil can be considered a young nation, in front of 5000 years that China has. This young man, just like any other, faces crises, but at that moment there are intense crises that depending on your choices, define the direction and results of the future. In this ...
The agreement between the European Union and Mercosur
Germany, Americas, Argentina, Brazil, Europe, Mercosur, International Organizations, Paraguay, European Union, Uruguay

The agreement between the European Union and Mercosur

Authors: Bruna Barrento and Maria Julia Zito In the South American scenario, the Southern Common Market (Mercosur) consists of a customs union between Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay. In this sense, the members of this agreement have common external tariffs. Whereas in the European scenario, the European Union consists of a political and economic union with free movement of people, services and capital between 27 economies of Europe. It should be added that such unions constitute a mostly economic relationship. In addition, in 2019, the EU presented itself as Mercosur's second largest trading partner. Thereby, it was decided to establish a macrostructure to support the relationship between the two blocks. Thus, since 1999, negotiations have started on the elaboration of an agreement that f ...
Stop saying that we are in a new Cold War
Americas, Brazil, U.S, Europe, Russia

Stop saying that we are in a new Cold War

Cartoon posted at Global Village Space It is common to see analyzes saying that we are entering a new Cold War. This usually happens with each more incisive move made by the Chinese government. Basically the idea is that the United States would be on a pole of power and China would come to occupy the opposite pole, questioning American power. While the question of tensions around power projections may be true, it is incorrect to say that this is a Cold War. What was the Cold War? In a more superficial way was the indirect clash between the United States and the Soviet Union (basically sustained in the atomic race). In more structural terms, the big question was the competition between two models of self-excluding political-economic organization. Ultimately i ...