ISSN 2674-8053

Ukraine

Cyberspace: the new battlefield in the Ukraine war
Americas, U.S, Europe, Ukraine

Cyberspace: the new battlefield in the Ukraine war

The digital era has brought with it a new dimension of confrontations, the cyberspace, turning it into an invisible battlefield, but with palpable repercussions. The current crisis in Ukraine illustrates this reality, highlighting the growing role of hacker groups and the involvement of great powers, in particular, the United States, in the militarization of this new frontier. This article seeks to uncover how the war in Ukraine is serving as the stage for a game of cyber chess, where the USA is, according to some analyzes, using conflict to expand your control and influence. The participation of hacker groups in modern conflicts is not a new phenomenon, but the scale and complexity of operations have increased significantly. Organizations such as Anonymous have already declared involvement...
Lessons from World War II: mercenaries and the postwar
Americas, Brazil, Europe, Ukraine

Lessons from World War II: mercenaries and the postwar

In 2 of September, the world remembers the end of World War II, one of the most devastating conflicts in human history. This date is not just a reminder of the atrocities and lives lost., but also a moment of reflection on the profound transformations that this war brought to the global scenario. The Second World War, that extended from 1939 a 1945, involved nearly every nation on the planet at some point. The battles took place on several continents, leaving a trail of destruction, death and suffering. Whole cities were reduced to rubble, and millions of people lost their lives. Many are the legacies of this war. One of the most lasting legacies of World War II was the creation of international institutions designed to promote peace and cooperation..
russia and ukraine: attempts to establish a peace plan
Europe, Russia, Ukraine

russia and ukraine: attempts to establish a peace plan

Vatican Media Vatican Pool/Getty Images The war between Russia and Ukraine has been a prolonged and devastating conflict., with significant humanitarian and geopolitical consequences. In the midst of this chaotic scenario, efforts were made to seek a peaceful solution and establish a peace plan between the two nations. However, Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky has shown a refusal to go ahead with the proposals presented so far. Although the current conflict is little more than a year old, tensions between the two countries are much older and have already been the object of attempts to establish peace agreements. Among the most outstanding attempts are: Minsk Accords: The Minsk Agreements, signed in 2014 e 2015, were the main efforts...
500 days of war in ukraine
Americas, Asia, China, U.S, Europe, UK, Russia, Ukraine

500 days of war in ukraine

Today, complete each other 500 days since Russian troops crossed Ukrainian borders, in 24 February of last year, in what they predicted would be a fulminating military action, with which they hoped to defeat the Ukrainian army, removing President Zelensky from power and replacing him with a ruler “friendly” to the Russian regime. The Russian invasion is blatantly illegal. Contrary, not minimum, three instruments of International Law to which the country is a signatory. The first is the UN Charter, specifically as provided for in no. 4 of article 2, which provides that “Members (da him) shall avoid in their international relations the threat or use of force against the territorial integrity or political dependence of any State.”. The second is the Budapest Memorandum, of 1994, in which...
Conflict between Russia and Ukraine: a new Yugoslavia?
Europe, Russia, Ukraine

Conflict between Russia and Ukraine: a new Yugoslavia?

The war between Russia and Ukraine has been a prolonged and devastating conflict., with significant implications both for the regions involved and for global geopolitical stability. A crucial issue that needs to be addressed in this context is the supply of weapons to the parties involved and their potential to increase the intensity of the conflict.. Besides that, It is important to examine the possibility of an escalation so serious that it could lead to nuclear conflict. To better understand this situation, It is useful to draw a parallel with the war in Yugoslavia. The supply of weapons in the war between Russia and Ukraine plays a significant role in prolonging and intensifying the conflict. Both sides have received weapons and support from different sources, either directly or via....
Moldavia: a new ukraine?
Europe, Moldavia, Russia, Ukraine

Moldavia: a new ukraine?

Transnistria is a breakaway region located in eastern Moldova, which proclaimed its independence in 1990, shortly after the collapse of the Soviet Union. The region is inhabited mainly by Russian and Ukrainian speakers and has a large population of Russian origin.. Since then, Transnistria has been the scene of a series of tensions between Moldova and Russia. Russia has had troops in Transnistria since the start of the conflict., claiming that the troops were sent to protect the Russian population of the region. Moldova, in its turn, regards Russian military presence as a violation of its sovereignty. In 1992, the conflict erupted into a brief war between Moldovan forces and Transnistria separatist forces, resulting in hundreds of deaths and the flight of tens of thousands...
The impacts (unwanted) of the International Criminal Court in the Ukraine-Russia War
Americas, Brazil, Europe, Russia, Ukraine

The impacts (unwanted) of the International Criminal Court in the Ukraine-Russia War

The International Criminal Court (ICC) is an intergovernmental organization that investigates and prosecutes individuals accused of committing war crimes, crimes against humanity and genocide. The ICC was created with the aim of ensuring international justice and ending impunity for the most serious crimes that affect the international community.. The Court's function is to prosecute those responsible for serious violations of human rights, who have not been prosecuted by the national authorities, or who have been judged inappropriately. The ICC has jurisdiction over individuals and not states., and can judge any individual, regardless of your nationality, who has committed crimes within his jurisdiction. War crimes include acts committed during armed conflicts, such as the roast...
Lula, hindering the respect for otherness so necessary for the coexistence between nations, Ukraine and NATO
Americas, Brazil, Europe, Russia, Ukraine

Lula, hindering the respect for otherness so necessary for the coexistence between nations, Ukraine and NATO

© Ricardo Stuckert/PR Radicalizing the controversy... Sorry...this text is long and controversial...I reflected a lot until I decided to write about President Lula's statements regarding the war in Ukraine. Firstly, because I committed to speaking only about Asia, which is "my beach"... "Secondly", because I know that I am “poking the ox with a short stick”... But my conscience leads me to try to analyze as free as possible from any “ideological” bias (?) the statements that Lula has made on the subject. The vast majority of “well-thinking” individuals agree that what is happening in that region is an unspeakable tragedy...I think so too...But, for most of them, President Lula's statement that “Ukraine is also responsible for ...
The conflict between Russia and Ukraine impacting sectors around the world
Europe, Russia, Ukraine

The conflict between Russia and Ukraine impacting sectors around the world

By Marina Ariboni and Nicole Bonafé In today's globalized world, armed conflicts between states can have direct economic repercussions on other countries, even if they do not have political relations, economic or commercial some with others in conflict. under this bias, the current war between Russia and Ukraine is observed, in a perspective that these countries, mainly Russia, are important players in the international market, with expressive export and import flows. In the case of Brazil, for example, the partnership is very intense, because Russia is the sixth country from which Brazil buys the most products, being the most common, wheat, corn and fertilizers, who represented in 2021, US $5,7 billions in imports (according to Ministry of Industry, Former trade.
The influence of the Ukrainian War on the Balkan countries
Europe, Russia, Serbia, Ukraine

The influence of the Ukrainian War on the Balkan countries

By Karen Laura and Luísa Ambrosio From the first moments of conflict between Russia and Ukraine, it was already common sense that a possible war would cause a tremor in the contemporary geopolitical order. With the outbreak of the conflagration it was possible to notice the impacts that began to appear in the economic dimensions, political and social around the world, especially in the Balkan countries. The consequences are many, but there is a specific point that directly impacts the course of the conflict: the energy issue. European countries are among the biggest importers of Russian fossil fuels, fundamental for the generation of electricity and the functioning of the factories, especially during the severe winter that countries face. Hist place, as the war progresses, States are faced with..