International Organizations

A fraca participação brasileira nos BRICS
BRICS, International Organizations

A fraca participação brasileira nos BRICS

Líderes dos BRICS na 13ª Cúpula (foto Alamy) O início de setembro marcou o aniversário de 15 anos dos BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa), o que foi registrado na 13ª Cúpula dos BRICS. O evento passou desapercebido pela maior parte da imprensa brasileira, o que demonstra a pouca relevância que o bloco tem recebido por parte do governo brasileiro. Esse baixo interesse leva a uma grande perda de potencial para a política externa brasileira. Alguns números para ilustrar a relevância dos BRICS para o mundo: os países que formam o bloco representam mais de 40% da população mundial e quase 25% do PIB global . Além destes números, também chama a atenção a diversidade geográfica dos países-membros, com presença em todos os continentes. O bloco tem uma agenda importante, ...
European Commission and economic aid package
International Organizations, European Union

European Commission and economic aid package

The European Commission announced in May 2020, através de Ursula Von der Leyen, chairman of the commission, um pacote de ajuda econômica que pretende emitir títulos de mercado com o objetivo de formar um fundo de recuperação econômica para os 27 países membros, que sofreram e ainda sofrem as consequências da crise causada pela pandemia do novo Coronavírus. O pacote será composto por doações e empréstimos para todos os Estados-Membros da UE. Vale mencionar que, com a crise do Sars-Cov-2, os países começaram a se olhar de forma mais consensual e coletiva, o que não ocorreu em situações anteriores. Os líderes dos 27 Estados-membros se reuniram durante 5 days (17 - 21 jul) em Bruxelas para discutir sobre o acordo e seus pontos principais.  O valor total do pacote é de mais de € 1,8 tri...
NATO and the shifts in the balance of world power
Europe, International Organizations, OTAN, Russia

NATO and the shifts in the balance of world power

Photo: REUTERS/Ints Kalnins No último dia 14 of June, os chefes de governo dos 30 países aliados que compõem a OTAN se reuniram em Bruxelas. A leitura da declaração(1) conjunta proporciona uma boa compreensão de como a mais poderosa aliança militar da história vê a atual conjuntura mundial, quais são as ameaças que eles identificam e quais caminhos eles irão traçar em assuntos de defesa, sempre mantendo em vista as três tarefas fundamentais da Aliança: prover segurança coletiva, gerenciar crises e fortalecer a cooperação em segurança. Os aliados identificam ameaças provenientes de todas as direções estratégicas, representadas pela competição sistêmica de potências “autoritárias e assertivas”; terrorism; atores estatais e não-estatais que atuam para minar a ordem internacional, o es...
European Union and China relationship
Asia, China, Europe, International Organizations, European Union

European Union and China relationship

The European Union is one of the main economic partners of the People's Republic of China, and vice versa. Taking into account your goal of evolving towards a sustainable economy, China needs to move up the value chain and encourage its domestic market, logo, you need all the support you can get. The European bloc is a key partner for China, both in the context of imports and exports, how much in terms of investment, since it is a destination and source of foreign direct investment, as China seeks a stable and legally secure environment. Besides that, discuss and cooperate on foreign policy, safety, prosperity, sustainable development and exchange of people. In the first place, the EU and China organize, annually, a dialog...
BRICS and the Covid-19 vaccine, one more chance missed
Americas, Asia, Brazil, BRICS, China, Europe, India, International Organizations, Russia

BRICS and the Covid-19 vaccine, one more chance missed

REUTERS FILE PHOTO Vaccination for Covid-19 is advancing and the world begins to breathe a sigh of relief, but it hides a much harsher and more unequal reality in the world we live in. Access to vaccines, as well as its production, it is the result of power relations that only reinforce the inequality that exists between countries.. Once the size of the problem with Covid-19 became clear, the richest countries started their efforts to produce vaccines and to purchase or block in advance the vaccines to be produced. To get an idea, by the end of 2020 these countries had already guaranteed 3,8 billions of doses. The amount purchased by countries like the United States and European countries far exceeded their population. only the USA, for example, bought vaccines that surpassed 5 doses per....
The Empire Strikes Back: G7, USA, RPC, etc
Americas, Asia, China, U.S, International Organizations, European Union

The Empire Strikes Back: G7, USA, RPC, etc

In the second episode of George Lukas' mega-hit, the "Star Wars", under the leadership of the villain Darth Vader, the Empire relentlessly seeks to destroy Luke's band of friends across the galaxy.. - Han Solo, the princess Leia, among others. Luke had been trained by Master Yoda to use the Force. When Vader Finally Captures His Friends, Luke must decide whether to complete his training and become a Jedi Knight or confront Vader and save them. The final duel begins, and in front of wounded Luke, Vader says both can unite and rule the Galaxy. Luke refuses to join his father's killer, but Vader reveals that he is, actually, Anakin Skywalker, your father. Luke refuses to believe and, hopeless, throw yourself into the abyss. in the fall, he holds onto a small....
Kosovo-Serbia: what is the role of the European Union in the conflict?
International Organizations, Serbia, European Union

Kosovo-Serbia: what is the role of the European Union in the conflict?

Karsten Koall/GEtty Images Both Kosovo and Serbia seek to join the European Union. Yet, the long history of conflicts between the territories prevents them from realizing their adhesion, mainly Serbia, which has already adopted constitutional changes required by the EU. from that, the European bloc mediates the discussions between the countries in an attempt to appease the situation. Kosovo was part of the Serbian Empire in the Middle Ages around the 14th century. Yet, at the end of this century, the Ottoman Empire conquered the Balkans in the Battle of Kosovo in 1389. With its independence from the Ottomans recognized in 1878, the Serbian Kingdom annexed Kosovo to its territory, but both were quickly integrated into Yugoslavia after World War I.. In the decade of 1980, with the disintegration of Yugoslavia, the ...
Tensions between France and Turkey make it harder for Turks to enter the European Union
Europe, France, International Organizations, Middle East, Turkey, European Union

Tensions between France and Turkey make it harder for Turks to enter the European Union

Presidentes Tayyip Erdogan (Turkey) and Emmanuel Macron (France) In March 2021, the current president of France, Emmanuel Macron, warned against Turkish interference in the French elections of 2022 during an interview for France television channel 5. In the interview, claimed that Turkey disseminated the state's lie policies through the media. In 2018, Macron had already closed the doors of the European Union to the entry of Turkey for the next few years, a process that started some time ago 57 years, and proposed, as an alternative, a partnership. The Turkish Head of State, Recep Tayyip Erdogan, lamented the posture of the Europeans in blocking the entry of their country into the bloc, holding that there is no other country in the same position as Turkey, of suffering retaliation for possible interference, on...
European Union and the reform of the Common Agricultural Policy
International Organizations, European Union

European Union and the reform of the Common Agricultural Policy

Bartz/Stockmar (CC BY-SA 4.0) The Common Agricultural Policy (PAC), created in 1962, is a set of measures aimed at supporting European farmers, an improvement in the productivity of the agricultural sector, and a contribution to the fight against climate change. All these points encompass a common thought of sustainable management and economic development with a focus on the agricultural sector. Consequently, the PAC also seeks to promote jobs in the agricultural sector and its related. It is a policy that involves all the countries of the European Union, managed and financed by the bloc's budgetary resources.  At first, it can be said that the CAP is a policy that has evolved over the years in order to respond to economic instabilities and the demands and needs of citizens. Ale ...
EU threat to halt the export of vaccines to the UK in an attempt to move forward with its own immunization campaign
Europe, International Organizations, UK, European Union

EU threat to halt the export of vaccines to the UK in an attempt to move forward with its own immunization campaign

President of the European Commission, Ursula von der Leyen 17 March 2021. (John Thys, Pool via AP) With the start of vaccination against COVID-19, the first diplomatic friction between the EU and the United Kingdom after Brexit. One month after the completion of the agreement that sealed the UK's exit from the bloc, both fight a vaccine war against COVID-19, creating tension in a process of rebuilding their bilateral relations, in addition to risking delaying global efforts to combat the health crisis. Due to the agility of the British authorities in approving immunization agents and signing contracts with suppliers, the United Kingdom was the second state to start vaccinating its population in the world, second only to Russia, so it has a positive contrast in relation to...