International Organizations

The European Green Deal and its effects on European Union companies
International Organizations, European Union

The European Green Deal and its effects on European Union companies

Authors: Beatriz Oste Bazilio and Gabriela Oste Bazilio The European Green Deal is a European Union plan that aims to make the bloc's economies more sustainable. For this, os países transformarão os desafios climáticos e ambientais em oportunidades de serem mais eficientes em termos de recursos e agregar competitividade. Segundo a Comissão Europeia, os pilares do plano incluem: eliminar a emissão de gases de efeito estufa até 2050, dissociar o crescimento econômico da exploração de recursos e em nenhuma circunstância deixar para trás os países e sua população na progressão de suas ações. Para atingir os objetivos propostos pelo plano, a União Europeia irá disponibilizar € 1 trilhão ao longo da próxima década, segundo o The Guardian (2020). Uma parte do dinheiro para este se...
Largest free trade area in the world may not become reality
Americas, Brazil, Mercosur, International Organizations, European Union

Largest free trade area in the world may not become reality

Authors: Ana Reis and Otávio Rauen The Mercosur Agreement - European Union, celebrated in June 2019, after more than 20 years of negotiation, promises to achieve one of the largest international free trade areas, with 780 millions of consumers, anchored in the reduction of import-export tariffs, due to the technological increase in production. Yet, the environmental and sustainable issue has become an impediment to such achievement. (Globo Rural, 2019; Agency Brazil, 2019) Brazil is the largest exporter of beef in the world, having as one of its main - and more growing - destination, the European Union. The block, Yet, is highly demanding with the quality and quantity of standards regarding meat imports, which increases the price paid for at. As European livestock shows ....
The development of the European Union and Mercosur Agreement after the Day's Amendment 7 of October
Mercosur, International Organizations, European Union

The development of the European Union and Mercosur Agreement after the Day's Amendment 7 of October

Authors: Bruna Barreto and Maria Júlia Zito Since 1999 the establishment of a macrostructure between the European Union and Mercosur has been negotiated. Although this Agreement was announced in June 2019, as negociações chegaram a um impasse que vêm dificultando a ratificação, indeed, do acordo entre os dois blocos. No dia 1° de outubro, o chanceler austríaco Sebastian Kurz,, anteriormente à reunião do Conselho Europeu, se posicionou contrariamente ao Acordo quando declarou “é claro que não pode haver acordo no atual estágio de negociações e estou feliz que muitos Estados membros [da UE] agora aceitem uma visão semelhante” (Folha, 2020). Tal pronunciamento de Kurz decorreu da afirmação do ministro da economia da Alemanha sobre uma possível ratificação do Tratado visto que há, e...
British breach of Brexit agreements
Europe, International Organizations, UK, Global Themes, European Union

British breach of Brexit agreements

Authors Mariana Clemente and Lara Cristal Gonçalves In the year of 2017, the United Kingdom initiated a process of withdrawal from the European, called "Brexi", is at 31 January 2020, became the first country to carry it out. After that date, over a period of 11 months were and will be agreed on treaties and negotiations between the United Kingdom and the European bloc. In October of this year, the English country was accused of breaching and violating agreements with the EU, causing the block to seek to process it. The President of the European Commission, Ursula von der Leyen, announced the decision at a meeting, of a brief statement in which he regretted that the Boris Johnson Government had breached its obligation and violated the terms of the Northern Ireland protocol, ao apresentar um projeto da Lei do Me...
Joe Biden's Asia
Americas, Asia, BRICS, China, U.S, India, International Organizations, Global Themes

Joe Biden's Asia

Joe Biden (US President) e Xi Jinping (President from China) at a meeting in China in 2013 - AP Photo Lintao Zhang Asia has traditionally been an enigma for American administrations, who find partners in the region - or not - with the dimension of China, India, Japan and South Korea, economic giants whose long shared history reveals nuances and presents challenges that go beyond the simplistic Western ideal of “Trump style”. From you, over the past century, Asian countries have chosen regional security as a priority in their relationship with the United States. From the end of II the War, Americans are committed to ensuring peacekeeping in the eastern Pacific. This commitment is before the State rather than the government, as evidenced by “Taiw ...
About China and the future of the world economy
Asia, BRICS, China, International Organizations

About China and the future of the world economy

The title of the article by Celso Ming, in today's edition of Estadão, is "China is already the largest economy in the world". Nothing that informed analysts - and less preconceptions - did not already take for granted: for them, it was not "if", but "when" this would happen ... Actually, the calculation that led Ming to make such a statement was based on the “Gross Domestic Product by Purchasing Power Parity” (PPC), that is, "How much a country can buy in goods and services with its currency". This parameter has already been used, by the way, by the International Monetary Fund, by the World Bank and the American intelligence agency itself, to CIA, to measure income-related quantities. For him, this benchmark reflects the real economy better than data such as “nominal GDP”, which computes riq ...
The agreement between the European Union and Mercosur
Germany, Americas, Argentina, Brazil, Europe, Mercosur, International Organizations, Paraguay, European Union, Uruguay

The agreement between the European Union and Mercosur

Authors: Bruna Barrento and Maria Julia Zito In the South American scenario, the Southern Common Market (Mercosur) consists of a customs union between Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay. In this sense, the members of this agreement have common external tariffs. Whereas in the European scenario, the European Union consists of a political and economic union with free movement of people, services and capital between 27 economies of Europe. It should be added that such unions constitute a mostly economic relationship. In addition, in 2019, the EU presented itself as Mercosur's second largest trading partner. Thereby, it was decided to establish a macrostructure to support the relationship between the two blocks. Thus, since 1999, negotiations have started on the elaboration of an agreement that f ...
Elections in Poland and the rise of conservatism
Europe, International Organizations, Poland, European Union

Elections in Poland and the rise of conservatism

Polish President Andrzej Duda (The day after tomorrow's photo) Authors: Pedro Henrique de Castro Gonçalves and Beatriz Canazzo Santáguita Poland's presidential election, in the middle of Covid-19 pandemic, may have changed the course of the country. A close dispute between two candidates, Rafal Trzaskowski, center-right alignment and a liberal policy, had 48,79%, while Andrzej Duda had 51,21% of votes (The country,2020), getting, like this, reelect. The ultra-conservative politician has ruled the country since 2015, in a semi-presidential system, accumulating the post of Head of State with the international portfolio. The Prime Minister, Head of government, determines internal issues. Duda's reelection reflects the ideological issue of the Polish population, since most support their national speech ...
The Effects of Brexit on the Automotive Industries in the UK
Europe, OMC, International Organizations, UK, European Union

The Effects of Brexit on the Automotive Industries in the UK

Authors: Ivan Andrade e Maria Thereza Gordinho Quatro anos após o referendum do Brexit, a saída do Reino Unido (RU) da União Europeia (EU) foi oficializada no início de 2020. Abriu-se, So, a fase de negociação do status das relações entre os atores pós Brexit, com prazo para conclusão fixado em um ano. Janeiro de 2021 se aproxima, porem, a possibilidade de um acordo permanece distante, principalmente em função da resistência britânica em fazer as concessões que havia previamente se comprometido a realizar. Num cenário pessimista, o setor industrial automotivo é um dos mais preocupados com a situação. Caso um acordo não seja estabelecido, as indústrias automotivas do RU e da UE sofrerão abalos tanto na fabricação quanto no comércio, tendo em vista os possíveis aumentos tarifár...
The BRICS as a rehearsal for the new Bretton Woods
Africa, South Africa, Americas, Asia, Brazil, BRICS, China, Europe, India, International Organizations, Russia

The BRICS as a rehearsal for the new Bretton Woods

Photo: Press Release / The Economist 2015 is a potentially important year for the Brazilian international positioning, was when the New Development Bank was created (https://www.ndb.int/) by the formed BRICS countries (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa). The Bank came as an alternative to the already consolidated World Bank (https://www.worldbank.org/en/who-we-are/ibrd) and Inter-American Development Bank (https://www.iadb.org/pt/sobre-o-bid/visao-geral). Although the former is also under strong European influence, both are in a United States control sphere. Broadly speaking, the Bank of the BRICS focuses on supporting the development of structural works, especially linked to infrastructure. On the other hand, it also has an important political function..