ISSN 2674-8053

International Organizations

Inflation records in the Eurozone: causes and consequences
International Organizations, European Union

Inflation records in the Eurozone: causes and consequences

By Laura Cariolin and Sofia Ornelas Moreira Amidst a context of war, instability and energy insecurity, the European Union faces another challenge: contain rising inflation, which breaks records in the Eurozone. After the European currency fell below the dollar in August, Eurostat confirmed, In September, an inflation of 9,1% per year (Reuters, 2022), the biggest since its inception. By analyzing individual countries in the bloc, it is possible to find examples such as Estonia, which showed an inflation of 23,2% a year in july (STATISTA, 2022). Based on this information, the need to identify the causes and consequences of the danger that threatens the old continent is perceptible. With this drastic rise in inflation, all countries are disadvantaged. With the increase of ...
Cyber ​​Security: from local to global
HIM-HER-IT, International Organizations

Cyber ​​Security: from local to global

In May 2022 the seminar “Cybernetic Security: from local to global”. Held at ESPM, its main objective was to present ideas about cybersecurity from different levels (individual, corporate, governmental and international). For so much, with professionals from different fields of knowledge. After the seminar, the main theses that guided the discussions were raised, which are presented below. Thesis 1: increase and dispersion of cyber-attack threats The digital world will be increasingly present in people's lives, especially with the advancement of 5G and the Internet of Things. This is a trend that will be increasingly intensified., although at different speeds around the world. Considering the increasing dependence on....
Russia-Ukraine: the spill over effect of weaponry
Americas, U.S, Europe, International Organizations, OTAN, Russia, Ukraine

Russia-Ukraine: the spill over effect of weaponry

Photo by Valentyn Onyshchenko The war between Russia and Ukraine continues with slow steps and uncertain direction. Putin recently declared that he can make use of the options he has at hand., which raised the fear of the use of atomic weapons. Although we do not know what the outcome of this possibility will be, there is another problem that is already real and has not been discussed.: what is the current and future use of the huge amount of weapons made available in this war? In any war effort, no matter how much there is an attempt to control the resources, the truth is it's hard to really know what's going on. Its value was already relatively high before the war, the West has already surpassed the spending of US$ 10 billions in military support for Ukraine. They are expenses of the most varied,...
The Impact of the War in Ukraine on NATO and the European Union
International Organizations, OTAN, European Union

The Impact of the War in Ukraine on NATO and the European Union

By Karen Laura Feliciano and Laura Cariolin The Ukrainian War caused profound changes in the countries' relationship with international economic organizations and blocs.. In this context, two situations stand out: that of NATO and the European Union. The entry of new countries generated an intense debate, and destabilized interactions between states, having as one of the protagonists, in both cases, in Turkey. In the context of NATO, the entry of Sweden and Finland into the organization was stopped by Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, while Ukraine's entry into the European Union was criticized by Turkey, that seeks to enter the block since 1999 (GERMAN WAVE, [s.d.]). Thus, it is clear that the War in Ukraine impacted the expansion of the EU and NATO. With regard to NATO, to its...
Energy security in Europe
Europe, International Organizations, Russia, Ukraine, European Union

Energy security in Europe

Map of cross-border energy pipelines. For: Pedro Gerhardt & Victor Manzoni The European Union in recent years has become one of the global leaders when it comes to energy security and also in relation to the high rates of integration of renewable energy from solar and wind sources. The Union still has a very well developed energy infrastructure, market with extreme competition, besides being the only region where energy consumption is falling, being a sign of the EU's energy efficiency. New energy sources depend mainly on resources from renewable sources and will also need to rely on the plurality of European countries to strengthen their plans.. about this aspect, Each region has its strengths and advantages contributing each...
The need to reform the Global Financial Architecture
BRICS, IMF, International Organizations

The need to reform the Global Financial Architecture

G-20 meeting (added to Spain and Holland) in 2008 during a meeting in the USA. The constant and increasingly impactful financial crises that have occurred since the last decades of the last century show that a reform of the Global Financial Architecture is necessary.. Before I understand what it means, it is important to know what the global financial architecture is. The global financial architecture can be defined as a set of international agreements and international institutions that promotes the international flow of capital with the aim of facilitating investment and financing international trade.. It is the consolidation of coordinated work (even if informally) of different Multilateral Agreements, Central Banks and Intergovernmental Organizations. Between the...
Brazil assumes the presidency of the UN Security Council
HIM-HER-IT, International Organizations

Brazil assumes the presidency of the UN Security Council

UN News/Disclosure As of July, Brazil will assume the rotating presidency of the United Nations Security Council. (HIM-HER-IT). It will be Brazil's 11th term at the head of the Security Council and it takes place at a time of great international tension.. But, after all, what is the role of the current Security Council? Questions about UN reform as a whole and the Council specifically make sense? To answer these questions and understand Brazil's role in the Council, it is necessary, before, understand a little about the UN and its role in the world. The UN was created after the end of World War II and its main objective was to promote lasting peace.. A similar effort was made at the end of World War I, with the creation of the League of Nations, that did not reach its main o...
European Union plans to cease use of Russian oil and gases
Europe, International Organizations, Russia, European Union

European Union plans to cease use of Russian oil and gases

Article written by Maíra Figueredo Gomes and Marina Wohlers Ariboni The European Union plans to reduce its dependence on Russian oil and gas by two-thirds by the end of the year and to zero by the end of the year. 2027, in view of the war between Russia and Ukraine and the desire to apply sanctions against Putin so that there is a possible cessation of military aggression by Russia against Ukraine. “The risk of stagnation will also depend a lot on the duration of the war”, said the EU economic commissioner, Paolo Gentiloni. they have committed to cut their carbon dioxide emissions by more than half by, Ursula von der Leyen, also stated that it will propose a plan to gradually eliminate dependence on Russian fossil fuels. Russia is, currently, the world's largest oil exporter and the largest gas exporter to the European continent..
Humanitarian visas to enter the European Union
International Organizations, European Union

Humanitarian visas to enter the European Union

Article written by Isabela Paro and Maria Cerdeira The European Union has adopted temporary protection for refugees fleeing the war in Ukraine, but with demand for those who left the country to escape the war from 24 February 2022, and lack of travel and medical documents will not be an impasse. In this sense, this protection gives the right to residency, medical access, early childhood education and the labor market. This humanitarian visa provision process has a procedure that is applied to all EU countries, however, the greater presence of refugees in former socialist countries territorially close to Ukraine is notable. The purpose of this protection is to relieve pressure on national asylum systems and allow displaced persons to use the...
Russia-Ukraine: three months and a world that only uses outdated strategies
Europe, International Organizations, Russia, Ukraine, European Union

Russia-Ukraine: three months and a world that only uses outdated strategies

Number of sanctions imposed by the US and EU on Russia (2014-2018) Since the beginning of February 2022 Tensions between Russia and Ukraine have increased significantly. At this moment, almost all international analysts argued that there would be no armed conflict between the two countries, summing it up to a power play by Russia. In 24 February 2022 conflict between the two countries began. analysts, at this moment, claimed it would be a quick conflict in which Russia would soon take control over Ukraine, imposing your goals: prevent Ukraine from joining NATO and the European Union. Today, the conflict reaches three months of existence without any clarity on when and how it will end.. Apparently they will still be m...