Middle East

Os desafios da política externa do Governo Joe Biden
Americas, Asia, China, U.S, Yemen, India, Will, Middle East

Os desafios da política externa do Governo Joe Biden

Presidente dos EUA Joe Biden Ao completar seu primeiro mês no cargo, o Presidente Joe Biden se defronta com vários desafios na política internacional. O manejo desses desafios começa a revelar os novos rumos da política externa norte-americana. O enfrentamento das múltiplas questões que envolvem o relacionamento EUA/China é desafiado pela incrível complexidade das questões, além da falta de consenso no governo e no Partido Democrata sobre qual deve ser o foco da relação dos EUA com o gigante asiático. Há uma maioria que defende o fim da confrontação política permanente e do esforço de desassociação das economias (decoupling, no termo em inglês), posição defendida por poderosos grupos econômicos que mantém enormes interesses na China. At the same time, muitos integrantes do partido Dem...
Protests or revolution? The birth of a new Lebanon
Cyprus, Lebanon, Middle East

Protests or revolution? The birth of a new Lebanon

Author: Leticia Fadlallah Western media portrayed the reason for the wave of protests that have been taking place in Lebanon since 17 October 2019 until the start of the Covid-19 pandemic, as a reaction to the imposition of a new tax on WhatsApp app voice calls, an error, because this is not the main reason why the Lebanese have called it a revolution. The real reasons behind the population's outrage, comes from an economic stagnation and political crisis that, years ago, unworthy the population. Before the pandemic, the country suffered from the lack of garbage collection because, according to the government, did not have enough financial resources to pay for the garbage trucks, which generated amounts of waste on the Lebanese streets. The tariff for voice calls was only the trigger for this true place..
Greece vs Turkey
Cyprus, Europe, Greece, Middle East, Turkey

Greece vs Turkey

Autora Maria Thereza Gordinho O Chipre é dominado pela disputa étnica entre os turcos e gregos que residem na ilha. After a period of conflict, the European Union created the “green line” between the two countries, a “barrier” between the two countries, separating the south, Greek Cypriot, member of the European Union, and internationally recognized, From north, Turkish Cypriot. However,, the issue that causes conflict between the two countries today, is the dispute over natural gas. Turkey wants maritime borders to be revised. Therefore, this issue crossed the borders of the island, involving, currently, world powers and international organizations. In 1974, Turkey invaded the northern Cypriot and, hoje em dia essa região é reconhecida internacionalmente como República Turca do Chipr...
Changes in Middle Eastern Geopolitics
Africa, Bahrain, Qatar, Egypt, United Arab Emirates, Will, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Oman, Middle East, Palestine

Changes in Middle Eastern Geopolitics

Arabs and Israelis have gone to war several times since 1948, year of Israel's creation. The recurrence of armed conflicts and the so-called Palestinian Question maintained the rivalry between them as the main geopolitical issue in the Middle East in the second half of the century 20 and at the beginning of this century 21. However, Recent events indicate that this situation is beginning to change. Within about a month, in agreements brokered by the US government, who were baptized “Abraham's Accords”, the governments of Israel, United Arab Emirates and Bahrain have signed treaties to normalize diplomatic relations between the two Arab countries and Israel. The two nations came together, in this way, to the group that until then was composed of only two other countries: Egypt and Jordan ...
THE (Of)Case of two refugees: a humanitarian and European issue.
Germany, Europe, Greece, Hungary, Middle East, Poland, Czech Republic, Sweden

THE (Of)Case of two refugees: a humanitarian and European issue.

Fire in Moria refugee camp, in Greece. (ANSA photo) Authors: Ana Reis and Otávio Rauen In day 09 of September, a fire on the Greek island of Lesbos, no Moria Refugee Camp, prompted the mass relocation of 13.000 people mostly from conflict zones in the Middle East. The incident started after a protest in the field generated by the strict quarantine imposed after the detection of cases of COVID-19 (The country, 2020). After this, in 16 of September, six young Afghans under the age of 20 years were accused by the Greek authorities for being involved in the event (Estadão, 2020). Humanitarian conditions within the Moria camp were extremely precarious: over crowded, unhealthy, lack of water, absence of basic sanitation and other factors ...
Lebanon tragedy
Israel, Lebanon, Middle East

Lebanon tragedy

Photo of the port of Beirut after the explosion 5/8/2020 (AP Photo / Hussein Malla) The violent explosion in the port of Beirut caused more than two hundred deaths and thousands of injuries. The region around the port was completely destroyed, but the effects of the shock wave wreaked havoc even tens of kilometers from the epicenter. After a moment of perplexity by the seriousness of what happened, the city was filled with protests in which the population, enraged at the authorities, accused of negligence, demanded the resignation of Prime Minister Hassan Diab, what ended up happening on the last day 10 of August, only 6 days after the tragedy. The population's fury is explained. After all, everything indicates that the cause of the explosion was the combustion of 2.750 ton of ammonium nitrate, store ...
NAVROZ, the new year parsi
Afghanistan, Asia, Europe, India, Will, Middle East, UK, Global Themes, Turkmenistan

NAVROZ, the new year parsi

On the last day 16 of august the parsi community of india celebrated the Navroz, your new year, the day she commits herself to renewing hope. Homes are neatly arranged, individuals wear new clothes, exchange gifts and make donations to charities. Nothing much different from Christian Christmas. Tradition of 3000 years, the parsi New Year holiday was created by the prophet Zoroaster, according to legend. But, who are zoroastrians and parsis? Zoroastrianism is considered the oldest of the known monotheistic religions, although there are controversies in this regard. It started with the revelations of Zarathustra, whom the Greeks called Zoroaster. There is not much information about your life; believed to have been born in Sogdiana, no r...
Sufis and the path to paradise
Asia, Middle East, Pakistan, Turkey

Sufis and the path to paradise

"One day, the sun admitted:I'm just a shadow,I wish I could show you the infinite incandescence that launched my brilliant image. I wish I could show you, when you feel alone or in the dark,the surprising light of your own being."                                Khwaja Samsu d-Din Muhammad Hafez (1310 / 1337) I'm giving a course on Asian religions at ESPM - now “virtually” -, coincidentally at this time when a wicked virus is stealing from relatives and friends and confronting us, randomly, with the essential question for most of us, which is the inevitability of Death. In this tense climate - and imponderable -, I thought I could (should...) share with friends some ...
US-Iran conflict: Trump's bravado and risks to NATO and Brazil
Americas, Brazil, U.S, Will, Iraq, Middle East, Russia

US-Iran conflict: Trump's bravado and risks to NATO and Brazil

The year of 2020 just started and US President Donald Trump has already made the world tremble. In 03 Last January, the United States Armed Forces carried out a bold and spectacular military operation around the Baghdad International Airport in Iraq. The missiles launched by an unmanned and operated American ground aircraft - the MQ-9 Reaper, or reaper - culminated in the death of six people, among them the almighty Iranian Major General Qassim Soleimani and the Iraqi paramilitary and fugitive paramilitary Abu Mahdi al Muhandis. The assassination of Soleimani puts an end to a brief peace hiatus in Iraq and opens up a new stage in the Middle East conflict. Heads of State and Government, military officers and diplomatic legations around the world were terrified..
Donald Trump and the Iranian question: dead end?
Afghanistan, Africa, Saudi Arabia, U.S, Will, Iraq, Middle East

Donald Trump and the Iranian question: dead end?

The most recent feat in the long “imbroglio” of the United States with the Islamic Middle East has just happened through a “drone”- The "MQ-9 Reaper -, released, by direct order of Donald Trump (D.T.), do solo americano, em resposta à quase invasão da Embaixada americana em Bagdá, motivo imediato alegado. With this, os EUA alcançaram a “proeza” de matar o general iraniano Qassem Suleimani, quando ele desembarcava no aeroporto de Bagdá. E com ele outras importantes personalidades do estamento militar iraniano e iraquiano. Como todos nós estamos informados, Suleimani não era um general qualquer, mas o líder da “misteriosa” Força Quds, falange de elite da Guarda Revolucionária do Irã, criada ainda em 1980 – portanto, apenas um ano após a chegada do clero xiita ao poder em Teerã – e vin...