China

The People's Republic of China and its 14th Five-Year Plan
Asia, China

The People's Republic of China and its 14th Five-Year Plan

Leaders of the Communist Party of China in approval ceremony of the Five Year Plan Since snatching power in China, in 1949, o Partido Comunista Chinês assumiu o protagonismo no estabelecimento dos fundamentos do comunismo “a la chinesa” e definiu monocraticamente as estratégias de desenvolvimento e reformas através de metas. Paulatinamente, elas modificaram o perfil da República Popular que, de uma economia maoísta centralizada até 1976, encaminhou-se para a “economia socialista de mercado”, que Deng Xiaoping “neologicamente” cunhou para qualificar o processo de reformas e abertura deslanchado a partir de 1979 na busca de romper o isolamento multissecular do país e inseri-lo no mundo do último quartel do século XX. Cabe lembrar que neste processo, já a partir de 1953 passaram...
China and Brazil: the old and the young
Americas, Asia, Brazil, China

China and Brazil: the old and the young

Chinese President Xi Jinping with Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro in Brasilia, 13 November 2019. (Xinhua Photo) Following the fashion in vogue in today's Brazil to speak using metaphors related to trivial and private aspects of human life, let's start with a metaphor, however, we will enrich it with some concepts and examples from the far east. It is known that, at different stages of life, we are faced with crises of different circumstances, some light, other serious. Today, with 520 years of history, Brazil can be considered a young nation, in front of 5000 years that China has. This young man, just like any other, faces crises, but at that moment there are intense crises that depending on your choices, define the direction and results of the future. In this ...
Chinese plans for the coming years 5 years
Asia, China

Chinese plans for the coming years 5 years

Reunião do Partido Comunista Chinês O Partido Comunista Chinês acaba de reunir seu Comitê Central em sessão plenária. Os principais objetivos foram avaliar os resultados alcançados ao término do período abrangido pelo 13º Plano Quinquenal (2016-2020) e discutir as propostas que constarão do 14º plano, para o período de 2021 a 2025, além de metas para um prazo mais longo, up until 2035. A análise do que foi divulgado até aqui (comunicado oficial) oferece uma boa pista de como os dirigentes do país asiático planejam suas ações para os próximos anos, além de indicar quais são suas expectativas em relação ao contexto internacional no qual a China estará inserida. Mais do que isso, a leitura atenta das entrelinhas do plano permite uma compreensão ainda melhor acerca do atual momento do regime...
Joe Biden's Asia
Americas, Asia, BRICS, China, U.S, India, International Organizations, Global Themes

Joe Biden's Asia

Joe Biden (US President) e Xi Jinping (President from China) at a meeting in China in 2013 - AP Photo Lintao Zhang Asia has traditionally been an enigma for American administrations, who find partners in the region - or not - with the dimension of China, India, Japan and South Korea, economic giants whose long shared history reveals nuances and presents challenges that go beyond the simplistic Western ideal of “Trump style”. From you, over the past century, Asian countries have chosen regional security as a priority in their relationship with the United States. From the end of II the War, Americans are committed to ensuring peacekeeping in the eastern Pacific. This commitment is before the State rather than the government, as evidenced by “Taiw ...
About China and the future of the world economy
Asia, BRICS, China, International Organizations

About China and the future of the world economy

The title of the article by Celso Ming, in today's edition of Estadão, is "China is already the largest economy in the world". Nothing that informed analysts - and less preconceptions - did not already take for granted: para eles, não era “se”, mas “quando” isto aconteceria... Actually, o cálculo que levou Ming a fazer tal afirmação teve como critério o “Produto Interno Bruto pela Paridade de Poder de Compra” (PPC), that is, “o quanto um país pode comprar em bens e serviços com sua moeda”. Este parâmetro já vem sendo utilizado, by the way, pelo Fundo Monetário Internacional, pelo Banco Mundial e pela própria agência de inteligência americana, a CIA, para medir grandezas relacionadas à renda. Para ele, este referencial reflete melhor a economia real do que dados como “PIB nominal”, que computa a riq...
The Pentagon report on China
Americas, Asia, China, U.S

The Pentagon report on China

Photo: National Historic Landmark Nomination The US built the most powerful war machine the world has ever known. And the whole army, to stay on top, need to know your possible enemies perfectly. By the way, this was already taught by the Chinese Sun Tzu, there is 2,5 a thousand years. The US Ministry of Defense has just sent Congress its annual report on China. It is the 20th edition of the study, which carefully analyzes Chinese Defense policies and strategies and tracks the material and doctrinal development of the People's Liberation Army (ELP). With 200 pages, the document finds that the PLA has been strengthened and modernized in almost all possible dimensions. There are some aspects, inclusive, where Chinese military capabilities already outnumber cover..
The BRICS as a rehearsal for the new Bretton Woods
Africa, South Africa, Americas, Asia, Brazil, BRICS, China, Europe, India, International Organizations, Russia

The BRICS as a rehearsal for the new Bretton Woods

Photo: Press Release / The Economist 2015 is a potentially important year for the Brazilian international positioning, was when the New Development Bank was created (https://www.ndb.int/) by the formed BRICS countries (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa). The Bank came as an alternative to the already consolidated World Bank (https://www.worldbank.org/en/who-we-are/ibrd) and Inter-American Development Bank (https://www.iadb.org/pt/sobre-o-bid/visao-geral). Although the former is also under strong European influence, both are in a United States control sphere. Broadly speaking, the Bank of the BRICS focuses on supporting the development of structural works, especially linked to infrastructure. On the other hand, it also has an important political function..
Brazil loses space to China in South America
Americas, Argentina, Asia, Brazil, China

Brazil loses space to China in South America

Presidents Jair Bolsonaro (Brazil) e Xi JinPing (China) Brazil is a country with a disproportionate size in relation to its neighbors, especially in economic terms. The result of this is that the country ends up playing "of course" a gravitational force, making the other South American countries end up having their economies very dependent on the Brazilian economy. This condition was no different even when considering the other major economy in the region: Argentina. Historically the argetinos had in Brazil the biggest destination of its exports. In September and October 2019 China occupied that primacy, being the main destination for Argentine exports. It was a small difference and lasted only those two months, what seemed to be something transitory. More to rea ...
The increasingly strained relations between the USA and China
Americas, Asia, China, U.S

The increasingly strained relations between the USA and China

China announced, on the last day 24 July, the order for the United States to close the country's consulate in Chengdu, important city with about 4,6 millons of citizens. It was retaliation for closing, by the USA, of the Chinese consulate in Houston. On the eve, US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo, visiting Yorba Linda, California, he had spoken[1] using harsh rhetoric against the Chinese communist party or the rulers of that country. Ironically, the location of the speech was Richard Nixon's hometown, the American president responsible for the rapprochement of the USA with China in the decade of 1970. Like this, the two countries step up another step in escalating tensions that have characterized relations between Washington and Beijing, especially in the last two ...
Latin America and BRICS: where Brazil should look
Americas, Brazil, BRICS, China, U.S

Latin America and BRICS: where Brazil should look

The current Brazilian foreign policy has occurred erratically. Although it is argued that it seeks new alignments, the truth is that there is no clear line, based on the pursuit of the country's interests. But not everything is the fault of the current direction that is imprinted on foreign policy, the world has changed and posed new challenges. The structuring polarity of the Cold War has long since ended. Since then, the world has been going through important movements to reorganize the forces, forcing states to seek political positions that offer them more returns. We last 10 years, in particular, this search for a reorganization of the international system was even more confusing. Today the so-called multilateral system is showing ever greater limits, at the same time that we see some powers i ...