Asia

And the ship goes… retorno ao mundo bipolar?
Asia, Brunei, Cambodia, Philippines, Indonesia, Laos, Myanmar, Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam

And the ship goes… retorno ao mundo bipolar?

Após oito anos de negociações, e por vídeo-conferência em razão da pandemia da COVID-19, treze países da Ásia e dois da Oceania firmaram, in day 15 deste mês de novembro, a “Parceria Regional Econômica Abrangente”/RCEP. Por ela se comprometeram a alavancar as relações de livre-comércio na região da Ásia-Pacífico. O documento, que uniu os dez países–membros da Associação das Nações do Sudeste Asiático/ASEAN- Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Brunei, Cambodia, Singapore, Laos, Myanmar, Tailândia e Vietnã - e os cinco parceiros da Área de Livre Comércio (ALC) da associação – China, Japan, Austrália, Nova Zelândia e Coreia do Sul – prevê a redução de tarifas e a abertura do comércio de serviços em todo o bloco. A Índia, que participou das negociações, decidiu não aderir nesta etapa pelas c...
The People's Republic of China and its 14th Five-Year Plan
Asia, China

The People's Republic of China and its 14th Five-Year Plan

Leaders of the Communist Party of China in approval ceremony of the Five Year Plan Since snatching power in China, in 1949, o Partido Comunista Chinês assumiu o protagonismo no estabelecimento dos fundamentos do comunismo “a la chinesa” e definiu monocraticamente as estratégias de desenvolvimento e reformas através de metas. Paulatinamente, elas modificaram o perfil da República Popular que, de uma economia maoísta centralizada até 1976, encaminhou-se para a “economia socialista de mercado”, que Deng Xiaoping “neologicamente” cunhou para qualificar o processo de reformas e abertura deslanchado a partir de 1979 na busca de romper o isolamento multissecular do país e inseri-lo no mundo do último quartel do século XX. Cabe lembrar que neste processo, já a partir de 1953 passaram...
China and Brazil: the old and the young
Americas, Asia, Brazil, China

China and Brazil: the old and the young

Chinese President Xi Jinping with Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro in Brasilia, 13 November 2019. (Xinhua Photo) Following the fashion in vogue in today's Brazil to speak using metaphors related to trivial and private aspects of human life, let's start with a metaphor, however, we will enrich it with some concepts and examples from the far east. It is known that, at different stages of life, we are faced with crises of different circumstances, some light, other serious. Today, with 520 years of history, Brazil can be considered a young nation, in front of 5000 years that China has. This young man, just like any other, faces crises, but at that moment there are intense crises that depending on your choices, define the direction and results of the future. In this ...
Chinese plans for the coming years 5 years
Asia, China

Chinese plans for the coming years 5 years

Reunião do Partido Comunista Chinês O Partido Comunista Chinês acaba de reunir seu Comitê Central em sessão plenária. Os principais objetivos foram avaliar os resultados alcançados ao término do período abrangido pelo 13º Plano Quinquenal (2016-2020) e discutir as propostas que constarão do 14º plano, para o período de 2021 a 2025, além de metas para um prazo mais longo, up until 2035. A análise do que foi divulgado até aqui (comunicado oficial) oferece uma boa pista de como os dirigentes do país asiático planejam suas ações para os próximos anos, além de indicar quais são suas expectativas em relação ao contexto internacional no qual a China estará inserida. Mais do que isso, a leitura atenta das entrelinhas do plano permite uma compreensão ainda melhor acerca do atual momento do regime...
History repeats itself: the conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan
Armenia, Asia, Azerbaijan

History repeats itself: the conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan

Source: rferl.org Autores: Isabela Paez Halak e Natália Yuri Kitayama No dia 27 September 2020, the confrontation in Nagorno-Karabakh or Artsakh, region in the South Caucasus disputed by Armenia and Azerbaijan, rekindled. The two countries were accused of attacking the autonomous territory, belonging to the Azerbaijanis, but that has a population, mostly, etnicamente armênia e um governo também de armênios O conflito data desde 1920, when both countries were annexed by the newly formed Soviet Union. At that time, Josef Stalin commanded the USSR Nationality Commissioner, created to deal with non-Russian nations incorporated into Soviet territory, and decided that the Nagorno-Karabakh area would be part of Azerbaijan, mesmo que houvesse mais armênios residentes ali. Com...
Joe Biden's Asia
Americas, Asia, BRICS, China, U.S, India, International Organizations, Global Themes

Joe Biden's Asia

Joe Biden (US President) e Xi Jinping (President from China) at a meeting in China in 2013 - AP Photo Lintao Zhang Asia has traditionally been an enigma for American administrations, who find partners in the region - or not - with the dimension of China, India, Japan and South Korea, economic giants whose long shared history reveals nuances and presents challenges that go beyond the simplistic Western ideal of “Trump style”. From you, over the past century, Asian countries have chosen regional security as a priority in their relationship with the United States. From the end of II the War, Americans are committed to ensuring peacekeeping in the eastern Pacific. This commitment is before the State rather than the government, as evidenced by “Taiw ...
About China and the future of the world economy
Asia, BRICS, China, International Organizations

About China and the future of the world economy

The title of the article by Celso Ming, in today's edition of Estadão, is "China is already the largest economy in the world". Nothing that informed analysts - and less preconceptions - did not already take for granted: para eles, não era “se”, mas “quando” isto aconteceria... Actually, o cálculo que levou Ming a fazer tal afirmação teve como critério o “Produto Interno Bruto pela Paridade de Poder de Compra” (PPC), that is, “o quanto um país pode comprar em bens e serviços com sua moeda”. Este parâmetro já vem sendo utilizado, by the way, pelo Fundo Monetário Internacional, pelo Banco Mundial e pela própria agência de inteligência americana, a CIA, para medir grandezas relacionadas à renda. Para ele, este referencial reflete melhor a economia real do que dados como “PIB nominal”, que computa a riq...
The Pentagon report on China
Americas, Asia, China, U.S

The Pentagon report on China

Photo: National Historic Landmark Nomination The US built the most powerful war machine the world has ever known. And the whole army, to stay on top, need to know your possible enemies perfectly. By the way, this was already taught by the Chinese Sun Tzu, there is 2,5 a thousand years. The US Ministry of Defense has just sent Congress its annual report on China. It is the 20th edition of the study, which carefully analyzes Chinese Defense policies and strategies and tracks the material and doctrinal development of the People's Liberation Army (ELP). With 200 pages, the document finds that the PLA has been strengthened and modernized in almost all possible dimensions. There are some aspects, inclusive, where Chinese military capabilities already outnumber cover..
The BRICS as a rehearsal for the new Bretton Woods
Africa, South Africa, Americas, Asia, Brazil, BRICS, China, Europe, India, International Organizations, Russia

The BRICS as a rehearsal for the new Bretton Woods

Photo: Press Release / The Economist 2015 is a potentially important year for the Brazilian international positioning, was when the New Development Bank was created (https://www.ndb.int/) by the formed BRICS countries (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa). The Bank came as an alternative to the already consolidated World Bank (https://www.worldbank.org/en/who-we-are/ibrd) and Inter-American Development Bank (https://www.iadb.org/pt/sobre-o-bid/visao-geral). Although the former is also under strong European influence, both are in a United States control sphere. Broadly speaking, the Bank of the BRICS focuses on supporting the development of structural works, especially linked to infrastructure. On the other hand, it also has an important political function..
Japan after Shinzo Abe (II): the new leader
Asia, Japan

Japan after Shinzo Abe (II): the new leader

Prime Minister of Japan - Yoshihide Suga No artigo "Japan after Shinzo Abe" (02/09/20), I referred to Shinzo Abe's unexpected resignation as Prime Minister of Japan, in 28 last august. Now, I would like to discuss with your friends the question of your succession. As I mentioned earlier, with the end of the term Abe, that lasted eight years, the longest cycle of stability in contemporary Japan's governance has ended; a lot due to your leadership, that sought to print its personal brand in the management, especially with regard to two fundamental themes. The first was his effort - frustrated - to review the stony rigidity of Article 9, of the Constitution of 1947, - to "pacifist" - outlined by World War II winners in the nuclear debris of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, a...