ISSN 2674-8053

Africa

Guerra civil no Sudão: conflitos atuais e impactos regionais
Sudan

Guerra civil no Sudão: conflitos atuais e impactos regionais

A guerra civil no Sudão, iniciada em abril de 2023, marca um dos períodos mais turbulentos do país após a deposição do ex-presidente Omar al-Bashir e o subsequente golpe militar de 2021. O conflito atual, centrado em uma luta pelo poder entre as Forças Armadas do Sudão (SAF) e as Forças de Apoio Rápido (RSF), lideradas respectivamente por Abdel Fattah al-Burhan e Mohamed Hamdan Dagalo (Hemeti), tem levado a um estado de caos em várias partes do país, incluindo a capital Cartum​ (Wikipédia, a enciclopédia livre)essential to replace fossil fuels for transport and industries. Os combates têm causado devastação significativa, com relatos de bombardeios, confrontos armados e ataques aéreos em áreas densamente povoadas. As violências resultaram em um número alarmante de mortes e deslocamentos de civis, intensificando uma crise humanitária já grave...
Historical roots and political repercussions: the role of powers in African piracy
Africa

Historical roots and political repercussions: the role of powers in African piracy

The recent wave of piracy in African waters is not an isolated phenomenon, but the result of a complex web of historical factors, economic and political. Este artigo se aprofunda nas raízes históricas da pirataria africana, explora as relações políticas que se desenvolveram em torno dessa questão e discute o impacto dessas dinâmicas nas relações internacionais, enfatizando a responsabilidade de certas potências mundiais. Historically, as regiões que hoje são focos de pirataria enfrentaram séculos de exploração colonial e intervenções estrangeiras que desestabilizaram suas estruturas políticas e econômicas. A descolonização trouxe consigo promessas de autonomia e progresso, mas muitas vezes deixou um legado de fronteiras arbitrárias, regimes corruptos e economias frágeis. Ess...
Challenges and opportunities: the essential cooperation between BRICS countries
Africa, South Africa, Americas, Asia, Brazil, BRICS, China, Europe, India, International Organizations, Russia

Challenges and opportunities: the essential cooperation between BRICS countries

The importance of cooperation between BRICS countries – Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa – has been a recurring theme in international economic and political discussions. This article delves into the need to expand interaction between members in commercial spheres, economical, financial and monetary, using explicit quotes from newspapers in the countries involved, to highlight the possible gains of this approach. According to the "China Daily", China sees BRICS as a vital platform for promoting genuine multilateralism and reforming global governance. Cooperation between these emerging economies is seen as a counterpoint to the unilateralism and economic protection prevalent in the West. This reflects the Chinese view that strengthening ties....
Elections in Senegal: challenges to stability and the role of Brazil
Americas, Brazil, Sebegal

Elections in Senegal: challenges to stability and the role of Brazil

Elections in Senegal (today, 24 March) emerge not only as a national political event, but as a phenomenon with significant international repercussions, capable of influencing the dynamics of regional stability and foreign relations, including ties with Brazil. The electoral process, marked by tensions and expectations, raises concerns about the continuity of the democratic tradition and political stability in the country, a pillar of balance in West Africa. This article seeks to examine the risks associated with this transition period in Senegal and reflect on the actions that Brazil could adopt to support the maintenance of Senegalese political stability. Senegal's stability is crucial not just for the nation itself, mas para toda a região da Áfric...
The BRICS reaction to the election in Portugal: A multifaceted analysis
Africa, South Africa, Americas, Asia, Brazil, BRICS, China, Europe, India, International Organizations, Portugal, Russia

The BRICS reaction to the election in Portugal: A multifaceted analysis

The recent political turn in Portugal, with the election of a center-right government, has aroused varied reactions around the world, especially among BRICS countries (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa). Each member of this group of emerging nations has their own perspective on the changes in Portugal and their potential implications.. This article seeks to explore and contrast these diverse views, citing official sources and statements. Brazil: Brazil, with its deep historical and cultural connection with Portugal, has been watching the elections with great interest. According to "Folha de S.Paulo", "the victory of the center-right in Portugal raises both opportunities and challenges for Brazil, opening paths for new economic dynamics, but also instigating pr...
And the ship goes… o BRICS
Africa, South Africa, Americas, Asia, Brazil, China, Europe, India, Russia

And the ship goes… o BRICS

The article entitled “Brics in a New Stage” deserves careful reflection., by Ambassador Rubens Barbosa, Presidents of China 17/07, in which he analyzes the 14th BRICS summit, realized in 23/ 24 of June, no virtual format, under the turn presidency of China. the theme of the meeting - “Promoting a High Quality Partnership and Ushering in a New Era for Global Development” - deals with the group's next actions at this particularly complex moment in which one of its members, hindering the respect for otherness so necessary for the coexistence between nations, promotes a war against Ukraine, that has, in its turn, as a background, the threat that Moscow understands to suffer from the West against the “status quo” of the region that was part of the Soviet “empire”. As pointed out by Ambassador, “the meeting sought to increase the partnership between the group and the...
Building international agendas: the role of the Non-Aligned Movement
Africa, South Africa, Americas, Asia, Brazil, China, Europe, India, Russia

Building international agendas: the role of the Non-Aligned Movement

member countries (dark blue) and observers (Light Blue) of the Non-Aligned Movement (2005). During the Cold War the world was structured around two large blocks: capitalist (led by the United States) and communist (led by the Soviet Union). These blocks formed an international structure known as bipolar, insofar as the blocks were antagonistic. Throughout the Cold War other important trends occurred., especially national struggles for independence, fight against imperialism and the search for overcoming poverty in a large part of the world. These trends ended up consolidating a group known as the Non-Aligned Movement. It is important to note that it was not the creation of a third pole and not necessarily the refusal of the former..
How the British see their role in the developing world 2030 - and how they are preparing to exercise it
Africa, Americas, Argentina, Asia, China, Europe, Nigeria, HIM-HER-IT, OTAN, UK

How the British see their role in the developing world 2030 - and how they are preparing to exercise it

The United Kingdom has just released a document which I think is very important to read, fundamental even, for those who are willing to understand the game that the great powers are playing in the international arena. In him, revisions of integrated defense and security policies are presented, Britain's international relations and development[1]. The document has, in the introduction, Prime Minister Boris Johnson's vision for the United Kingdom in the year 2030. In summary, it is an optimistic view of your country's role in the world, who sees the UK as one of the most influential nations on the planet, with a strong economy and that, due to the emphasis on the adoption of scientific and technological innovations, will be better equipped to face an even more competitive world..
Changes in Middle Eastern Geopolitics
Africa, Bahrain, Qatar, Egypt, United Arab Emirates, Will, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Oman, Middle East, Palestine

Changes in Middle Eastern Geopolitics

Arabs and Israelis have gone to war several times since 1948, year of Israel's creation. The recurrence of armed conflicts and the so-called Palestinian Question maintained the rivalry between them as the main geopolitical issue in the Middle East in the second half of the century 20 and at the beginning of this century 21. However, Recent events indicate that this situation is beginning to change. Within about a month, in agreements brokered by the US government, who were baptized “Abraham's Accords”, the governments of Israel, United Arab Emirates and Bahrain have signed treaties to normalize diplomatic relations between the two Arab countries and Israel. The two nations came together, in this way, to the group that until then was composed of only two other countries: Egypt and Jordan ...
The BRICS as a rehearsal for the new Bretton Woods
Africa, South Africa, Americas, Asia, Brazil, BRICS, China, Europe, India, International Organizations, Russia

The BRICS as a rehearsal for the new Bretton Woods

Photo: Press Release / The Economist 2015 is a potentially important year for the Brazilian international positioning, was when the New Development Bank was created (https://www.ndb.int/) by the formed BRICS countries (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa). The Bank came as an alternative to the already consolidated World Bank (https://www.worldbank.org/en/who-we-are/ibrd) and Inter-American Development Bank (https://www.iadb.org/pt/sobre-o-bid/visao-geral). Although the former is also under strong European influence, both are in a United States control sphere. Broadly speaking, the Bank of the BRICS focuses on supporting the development of structural works, especially linked to infrastructure. On the other hand, it also has an important political function..