Russia

Cyber ​​wars: who is the culprit?
Americas, Asia, China, U.S, Europe, Russia

Cyber ​​wars: who is the culprit?

Joe Biden, president two united states, declared in 27/7/2021, during a visit to the director of National Intelligence that “if we end up in a war, a real shooting war with another power, it will be as a consequence of a cyber breach". This claim was made after the United States was cyber-attacked, which had as one of its consequences the stoppage of the Colonial pipeline, which resulted in the interruption of fuel supply in part of the country. On this occasion the threat was opened, but at other times the Biden government directly accused two countries as responsible for this type of movement.: China and Russia. Even though today the US is the country attacked, the truth is that cyber actions are older and have served different ...
NATO and the shifts in the balance of world power
Europe, International Organizations, OTAN, Russia

NATO and the shifts in the balance of world power

Photo: REUTERS/Ints Kalnins No último dia 14 of June, os chefes de governo dos 30 países aliados que compõem a OTAN se reuniram em Bruxelas. A leitura da declaração(1) conjunta proporciona uma boa compreensão de como a mais poderosa aliança militar da história vê a atual conjuntura mundial, quais são as ameaças que eles identificam e quais caminhos eles irão traçar em assuntos de defesa, sempre mantendo em vista as três tarefas fundamentais da Aliança: prover segurança coletiva, gerenciar crises e fortalecer a cooperação em segurança. Os aliados identificam ameaças provenientes de todas as direções estratégicas, representadas pela competição sistêmica de potências “autoritárias e assertivas”; terrorism; atores estatais e não-estatais que atuam para minar a ordem internacional, o es...
BRICS and the Covid-19 vaccine, one more chance missed
Americas, Asia, Brazil, BRICS, China, Europe, India, International Organizations, Russia

BRICS and the Covid-19 vaccine, one more chance missed

REUTERS FILE PHOTO Vaccination for Covid-19 is advancing and the world begins to breathe a sigh of relief, but it hides a much harsher and more unequal reality in the world we live in. Access to vaccines, as well as its production, it is the result of power relations that only reinforce the inequality that exists between countries.. Once the size of the problem with Covid-19 became clear, the richest countries started their efforts to produce vaccines and to purchase or block in advance the vaccines to be produced. To get an idea, by the end of 2020 these countries had already guaranteed 3,8 billions of doses. The amount purchased by countries like the United States and European countries far exceeded their population. only the USA, for example, bought vaccines that surpassed 5 doses per....
Crimea 7 years later: why do we still maintain trade sanctions?
Europe, Russia, Ukraine

Crimea 7 years later: why do we still maintain trade sanctions?

There are exact 7 years (16/03/2014) a referendum was organized for the annexation / joining of Crimea to Russia, ceasing to be a Ukrainian territory. In season, the result was 97% in favor of this change. The international community condemned the referendum, saying it had been defrauded and carried out under threats. The high result is also due to a boycott of those who were against joining. All these years have passed and little is said about the region today. What role should the international community play from now on?? Some human rights organizations have accused the Russian government of local repression, with the persecution of dissidents - especially Tatar Muslims, some considered terrorists. At the same time, Internal research has shown that the p ...
Stop saying that we are in a new Cold War
Americas, Brazil, U.S, Europe, Russia

Stop saying that we are in a new Cold War

Cartoon posted at Global Village Space It is common to see analyzes saying that we are entering a new Cold War. This usually happens with each more incisive move made by the Chinese government. Basically the idea is that the United States would be on a pole of power and China would come to occupy the opposite pole, questioning American power. While the question of tensions around power projections may be true, it is incorrect to say that this is a Cold War. What was the Cold War? In a more superficial way was the indirect clash between the United States and the Soviet Union (basically sustained in the atomic race). In more structural terms, the big question was the competition between two models of self-excluding political-economic organization. Ultimately i ...
Violence and Oppression: Protests in Belarus
Belarus, Europe, Russia

Violence and Oppression: Protests in Belarus

Presidente Alexander Lukashenko, picture Picture Alliance Since August 2020 Belarus faces strong instability and experiences a growing wave of protests against President Aleksandr Lukashenko. The population's discontent became evident even in the period leading up to the elections that guaranteed Lukashenko his sixth term, in a process marked by suspicions of electoral fraud and oppression of political oppositions. Considered the “last dictator in Europe”, Lukashenko is a former soldier of the Soviet Union and the only president Belarus has ever owned. The last elections were held on August 9. Initially, Lukashenko competed against Sergei Tikhanovsky, pro-democracy blogger, but his arbitrary arrest led to the revocation of his candidacy. Substi...
The BRICS as a rehearsal for the new Bretton Woods
Africa, South Africa, Americas, Asia, Brazil, BRICS, China, Europe, India, International Organizations, Russia

The BRICS as a rehearsal for the new Bretton Woods

Photo: Press Release / The Economist 2015 is a potentially important year for the Brazilian international positioning, was when the New Development Bank was created (https://www.ndb.int/) by the formed BRICS countries (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa). The Bank came as an alternative to the already consolidated World Bank (https://www.worldbank.org/en/who-we-are/ibrd) and Inter-American Development Bank (https://www.iadb.org/pt/sobre-o-bid/visao-geral). Although the former is also under strong European influence, both are in a United States control sphere. Broadly speaking, the Bank of the BRICS focuses on supporting the development of structural works, especially linked to infrastructure. On the other hand, it also has an important political function..
The end of the Multilateral System, that was never multilareal
China, U.S, Russia

The end of the Multilateral System, that was never multilareal

The World Trade Organization is not an institution that was created at the Bretton Woods Conference, in 1944. But it is possible to say that it is the result of this process, insofar as it is a direct result of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (called GATT), from the so-called Uruguay Round. This is important to consider because, together with the entire United Nations System, the WTO is one of the great symbols of the multilateral system. Since the end of World War II, States have been pursuing the path of multilateralism as their main strategy for international interaction.. The peak of this path occurred in the 1990, marked by important international conferences (como Eco-92; Vienna Conference on Human Rights; Cairo conference on p ...
The Arctic beyond geopolitics
Canada, U.S, Russia

The Arctic beyond geopolitics

Recent research indicates that the ozone hole has narrowed in the Southern Hemisphere, but it opened up in the Northern Hemisphere. To get an idea, global warming in the region is twice as intense as the global average. In addition to the possible environmental impacts, this is a region that should attract the world's attention. The Arctic Region is recognized as the region of the Northern Hemisphere in which the average temperature of the hottest month of the year does not exceed 10ºC. Projections indicate that there is something around US $ 35 trillion in oil and gas reserves in the region, in addition to other mineral resources. Because of this, there is a dispute between countries in the region in terms of dominance over resources. Several countries border the arctic region. The two countries with the greatest fro ...
Forever Putin?
Russia

Forever Putin?

Mikhail Klimentyev, AP Em 15 last january, during his annual speech to the nation Russian President Vladimir Putin announced his desire to reform the Russian political system through a constitutional amendment. Soon after his speech Putin received from the hands of his Prime Minister, Dmitri Medvedev, his resignation and his entire cabinet of ministers. Hours later Putin was back on the news presenting his new prime minister, Mikhail Mishustin, former head of the Russian federal revenue, while its predecessor, Medvedev, was appointed to the post of deputy head of the national security council. These three events in the same day demonstrated something unusual for the Putin government's decisions: hurry. Just five days later, in day 20 of January, Putin rose to the Duma, the lower legislative chamber ...