ISSN 2674-8053

Rodrigo Cintra

Post-Doctorate in Territorial Competitiveness and Creative Industries, by Dinâmia - Center for the Study of Socioeconomic Change, of the Higher Institute of Labor and Enterprise Sciences (ISCTE, Lisboa, Portugal). PhD in International Relations from the University of Brasília (2007). He is Executive Director of Mapa Mundi. ORCID https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1484-395X
The ideologization of Brazilian foreign policy: why do we need to relate to everyone?
Americas, Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Ecuador, Peru

The ideologization of Brazilian foreign policy: why do we need to relate to everyone?

Photo: MARTIN BERNETTI/AFP/GETTY IMAGES / BBC News Brazil President Jair Bolsonaro said he will not attend the inauguration of the president-elect in Chile., Gabriel Boric. The inauguration ceremony is scheduled for the day 11/03 and would easily allow Bolsonaro to go, honoring the Chilean government. The reason for this refusal lies in Boric's political position, which is left. It is not the first time that Bolsonaro has refused to go to a presidential inauguration in a Latin American country.. In 2019 Bolsonaro did not attend the inauguration of Argentine Alberto Fernández (note that our 17 In previous years, Brazilian presidents attended the inauguration, given the importance of the country for Brazilian international relations). In 2020 Bolsonaro also did not attend the inauguration of Bolivian Luis Arce, not even sending a rep...
Non-external intervention in elections and Brazil
Americas, Brazil, Chile

Non-external intervention in elections and Brazil

President-elect of Chile, Gabriel boric Not last sunday (19/12/2021) the new Chilean president was elected. After a fierce dispute between a leftist and a rightist, the victor was Gabriel Boric, Left deputy and former student leader. The elections were marred by problems such as the difficulty of public transport for people to vote, leading city halls to make official cars available so that people could vote. Side-by-side accusations of responsibility and impact on the election result were fired. However, the result was accepted by all. This case is just one more example of the differences between democratic processes found around the world.. Not only are the game rules valid in each country, also ...
COP26, we need to go beyond global warming
Americas, Asia, China, U.S

COP26, we need to go beyond global warming

Source Wikipedia, november of 2021 The world has its eyes on the United Nations Climate Change Conference, also known as COP26. taking place in glasgow, in scotland, it is an attempt to move more forcefully in the commitment to environmental preservation. This objective is particularly important if we consider that the last COP failed to build more ambitious goals. The main objective of COP26 is the presentation of proposals and the determination of commitments on the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions, leading to global warming. In the long term what is intended is not to exceed 1.5° heating until 2100, as proposed in the Paris Agreement. When we focus the analysis on the impact of human activity on ...
Military exercises in the Sea of ​​Japan, two pesos, two measures
Americas, Asia, China, U.S, Europe, Japan, Russia

Military exercises in the Sea of ​​Japan, two pesos, two measures

Military Forms of China and Russia During the Opening Ceremony of the Sea of ​​Japan Military Exercises. Photo: Xinhua No dia 14 of October (2021), China and Russia conducted naval exercises in the Sea of ​​Japan. The action is part of joint exercises that extended over the following days. Despite the fact that the exercise took place in international waters and is something recurrent since 2012, you can see various criticisms from politicians and the press. From the Japanese-American side, what is seen is a criticism of the threat that such exercises create, since it is understood as a military and diplomatic pressure on Japan, especially considering the dispute for control of the Senkaku Islands. (japanese name) or Diaoyu (chinese name). The islands have been controlled by Japan since World War II ...
The BRICS Contingent Reserve Agreement as an alternative to Brazil
Americas, Argentina, Brazil, BRICS, International Organizations

The BRICS Contingent Reserve Agreement as an alternative to Brazil

Contribution of each state to the BRICS Contingent Reserve Agreement. In times of global economic crisis it is important for countries to have quick access to international currencies in order to maintain their ability to pay internationally. To a large extent it is this availability of reserves that the International Monetary Fund (IMF) makes available. The problem, in this case, is that the IMF only releases resources through the commitment and implementation of a series of fiscal austerity policies. The IMF's objective is to ensure that the borrowing country is able to repay the resource., but this usually leads to a deepening of the internal economic crisis. (in what economists call pro-cyclical actions). In 2014, in a movement to create alternatives ...
Brazilian insertion in international trade blocks
Americas, Brazil, BRICS, International Organizations

Brazilian insertion in international trade blocks

Main trading partners for each state in Brazil The global integration of production processes is a reality that has already been confirmed, but still not well used by Brazil. To have a current example of the relevance of the integration of countries into productive blocks, just look at the case of England. with your exit (which is not even complete) of the European Union what you see is the chaos of production and product supply. lack workers, raw material and products to be consumed in the country, who believed to have a self-sufficient economy. As much as we don't realize, each product we consume depends on actions carried out in the most diverse places in the world. The integration of this production process is called the Global Value Chain, having several productive steps until the final product: e...
The weak Brazilian participation in the BRICS
BRICS, International Organizations

The weak Brazilian participation in the BRICS

BRICS Leaders at the 13th Summit (Alamy's photo) The beginning of September marked the anniversary of 15 years of the BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa), what was registered at the 13th Summit of the BRICS. The event went unnoticed by most of the Brazilian press, which demonstrates the little relevance that the bloc has received from the Brazilian government. This low interest leads to a great loss of potential for Brazilian foreign policy. Some numbers to illustrate the relevance of the BRICS to the world: the countries that make up the bloc represent more than 40% of the world population and almost 25% do PIB global . In addition to these numbers, the geographic diversity of the member countries also draws attention., with a presence on all continents. The block has an important agenda, ...
Against whom international sanctions are applied?
Americas, Venezuela

Against whom international sanctions are applied?

Photo by Reuters/Carlos Garcia Rawlins Trade sanctions are a foreign policy instrument used by some countries and have severe impacts. When we read the news that talk about it, it usually talks about trade sanctions against Venezuela, or against Iran or any other country that is currently under this type of action. The point is that the impact is on the country, with special focus on your government, but actually it's about the population. The idea is for the population to suffer the impacts of the suffocation of the country's economy and start to question their government, what should lead to the choice of another president (in democratic countries) or an institutional rupture for the establishment of another government (in dictatorial countries). One of the issues behind this is the humanitarian and societal cost..
Cyber ​​wars: who is the culprit?
Americas, Asia, China, U.S, Europe, Russia

Cyber ​​wars: who is the culprit?

Joe Biden, president two united states, declared in 27/7/2021, during a visit to the director of National Intelligence that “if we end up in a war, a real shooting war with another power, it will be as a consequence of a cyber breach". This claim was made after the United States was cyber-attacked, which had as one of its consequences the stoppage of the Colonial pipeline, which resulted in the interruption of fuel supply in part of the country. On this occasion the threat was opened, but at other times the Biden government directly accused two countries as responsible for this type of movement.: China and Russia. Even though today the US is the country attacked, the truth is that cyber actions are older and have served different ...
The humanitarian cost of international sanctions: the Venezuelan case
Americas, U.S, Venezuela

The humanitarian cost of international sanctions: the Venezuelan case

Venezuelan protesters against the US government. Photo REUTERS/Alexandre Meneghini The recent demonstrations in Cuba reopen an important discussion in international relations: the use of trade sanctions as a form of foreign policy. the president of the USA, Joe Biden, announced its support for the Cuban people, but did not give indications of changing the current embargo policy. Despite the history and symbolism of Cuba in the context of the Cold War, we must remember that this is a more common policy., as seen in the case of Venezuela. The duration of sanctions and embargoes applied to Cuba and Venezuela are clear signs of their failure as an action that seeks to change the behavior of another government. Like this, in addition to not having an effective political result, implies a cost...