Rodrigo Cintra

Post-Doctorate in Territorial Competitiveness and Creative Industries, by Dinâmia - Center for the Study of Socioeconomic Change, of the Higher Institute of Labor and Enterprise Sciences (ISCTE, Lisboa, Portugal). PhD in International Relations from the University of Brasília (2007), Master in Political Science from the University of São Paulo (2001) and Bachelor of International Relations from the Pontifical Catholic University of São Paulo (1998).
The infectiousness of international sanctions
Americas, Cuba, U.S, Venezuela

The infectiousness of international sanctions

International sanctions are an instrument of extreme foreign policy, generally adopted when diplomatic channels do not work as expected. Trade sanctions aim to isolate the country from international trade flows, leading to a stranglehold on its economy. Thereby, it is expected that the local population will feel the limitations and start to pressure their government to change the situation that led to international sanction. Logically it seems to be a good policy, but it is not. Even if the sanction is directed at a particular government, in practice its main impacts are on the population, people who have few, when any, condition to influence government behavior. Limiting access to international goods, as well as the impact ...
Stop saying that we are in a new Cold War
Americas, Brazil, U.S, Europe, Russia

Stop saying that we are in a new Cold War

Cartoon posted at Global Village Space It is common to see analyzes saying that we are entering a new Cold War. This usually happens with each more incisive move made by the Chinese government. Basically the idea is that the United States would be on a pole of power and China would come to occupy the opposite pole, questioning American power. While the question of tensions around power projections may be true, it is incorrect to say that this is a Cold War. What was the Cold War? In a more superficial way was the indirect clash between the United States and the Soviet Union (basically sustained in the atomic race). In more structural terms, the big question was the competition between two models of self-excluding political-economic organization. Ultimately i ...
Plan Colombia Grows and its impact on Venezuela
Americas, Colombia, U.S, Venezuela

Plan Colombia Grows and its impact on Venezuela

Photo: Instagram / Iván Duque In August (2020) the launch of the Colombia Crece Plan was announced, result of military cooperation between the governments of Colombia and the United States and focused on combating drug trafficking. It can be said that it is a second phase of Plan Colombia, responsible for the injection of USD 7 billion in Colombia between 2000 e 2016. The agreement comes at a time when Colombia is experiencing alarming levels of violence. Have already been registered in the country, only in 2020, 46 massacres and over a thousand murdered social leaders. Until recently, the FARC dominated the interior of the country and, with peace agreements, it would be up to the Colombian State to "reoccupy" that space. However, the Colombian state is clearly weak in the interior, with a clear absence of public policies that ...
The BRICS as a rehearsal for the new Bretton Woods
Africa, South Africa, Americas, Asia, Brazil, BRICS, China, Europe, India, International Organizations, Russia

The BRICS as a rehearsal for the new Bretton Woods

Photo: Press Release / The Economist 2015 is a potentially important year for the Brazilian international positioning, was when the New Development Bank was created (https://www.ndb.int/) by the formed BRICS countries (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa). The Bank came as an alternative to the already consolidated World Bank (https://www.worldbank.org/en/who-we-are/ibrd) and Inter-American Development Bank (https://www.iadb.org/pt/sobre-o-bid/visao-geral). Although the former is also under strong European influence, both are in a United States control sphere. Broadly speaking, the Bank of the BRICS focuses on supporting the development of structural works, especially linked to infrastructure. On the other hand, it also has an important political function..
From Pompeo to the UN, the difficult support of the idea of ​​non-interference
Americas, Brazil, U.S, International Organizations

From Pompeo to the UN, the difficult support of the idea of ​​non-interference

Photo William Volcov / Brazil Photo Press / Folhapress The wear and tear of the visit of the United States Secretary of State, Mike Pompeo, to Roraima only increases. In the article Brazil enters the US electoral game we saw the electoral reasons for the visit, now we see an impact on Brazilian politics. It is interesting to observe a timid positioning of both the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the presidency of Brazil while there is a cry from prominent parliamentarians. The President of the Chamber of Deputies, Rodrigo Maia declared that the visit "it is not in line with good international diplomatic practice and defies the traditions of autonomy and pride in our foreign and defense policies". In the Federal Senate it was no different, to the point that the Foreign Affairs Committee approved ...
Brazil enters the US election game
Americas, Brazil, U.S

Brazil enters the US election game

Photo: Jason Leysner / AFP Em 18/9/2020 the United States Secretary of State, Mike Pompeo, made a quick visit to Brazil. Given the importance of the position, an important agenda was expected between the governments of the United States and Brazil. But the reality was quite different: the Brazilian government opened the doors of the territory so that the Secretary could campaign politically for the re-election of the current President Donald Trump. The visit took place in Brasilia, where all protocols required for a United States Secretary could be properly implemented (equivalent to a minister, No brazil). It also did not serve to exchange intentions or even sign cooperation agreements. It was an unusual visit to Roraima. Why? To better understand the ...
Brazil loses space to China in South America
Americas, Argentina, Asia, Brazil, China

Brazil loses space to China in South America

Presidents Jair Bolsonaro (Brazil) e Xi JinPing (China) Brazil is a country with a disproportionate size in relation to its neighbors, especially in economic terms. The result of this is that the country ends up playing "of course" a gravitational force, making the other South American countries end up having their economies very dependent on the Brazilian economy. This condition was no different even when considering the other major economy in the region: Argentina. Historically the argetinos had in Brazil the biggest destination of its exports. In September and October 2019 China occupied that primacy, being the main destination for Argentine exports. It was a small difference and lasted only those two months, what seemed to be something transitory. More to rea ...
Aligning is not submitting – the strange Brazil / United States case
Americas, Brazil, BRICS, U.S

Aligning is not submitting – the strange Brazil / United States case

President Donald J. Trump welcomes President Jair Bolsonaro of the Federative Republic of Brazil to the White House Tuesday, March 19, 2019 (Official White House Photo by Tia Dufour) On different occasions, we can see how Brazilian government leaders affirm the alignment they seek with the United States. From President Bolsonaro and his children to Chancellor Ernesto Araújo, you can see statements of how we are aligned and how it will benefit the country. It is interesting to note that they cannot explain what benefits we will have, reducing much of the discourse to a superficial ideological view, which they say is the way to avoid the left. Much of this positioning is the result of a more limited view of the international system, perceiving states within a duality ...
Latin America and BRICS: where Brazil should look
Americas, Brazil, BRICS, China, U.S

Latin America and BRICS: where Brazil should look

The current Brazilian foreign policy has occurred erratically. Although it is argued that it seeks new alignments, the truth is that there is no clear line, based on the pursuit of the country's interests. But not everything is the fault of the current direction that is imprinted on foreign policy, the world has changed and posed new challenges. The structuring polarity of the Cold War has long since ended. Since then, the world has been going through important movements to reorganize the forces, forcing states to seek political positions that offer them more returns. We last 10 years, in particular, this search for a reorganization of the international system was even more confusing. Today the so-called multilateral system is showing ever greater limits, at the same time that we see some powers i ...
The problem of Brazilian foreign policy is not ideology, but the absence of a project
Americas, Brazil

The problem of Brazilian foreign policy is not ideology, but the absence of a project

President, Jair Bolsonaro during press conference with the Minister of State for Foreign Affairs, Ernesto Araújo. Photo: Marcos Corrêa / PR. Brazilian foreign policy has always been a source of pride for the country, mainly due to the internationally recognized capacity of its diplomats. Brazilian diplomats have managed to play a calming role in countless moments. Be it for creativity in finding new balance between dissonant movements, either by the weighted position defended. This profile of diplomats is not something of this or that government, it's not something on the left or the right, of a developmental or liberal worldview. It is the result of several factors, as a ministry that has shown itself capable of forming skilled c ...